Утешение Сатирой: Марциан Капелла как литературный источник для Северина Боэция
The article considers 20th century philosophers’ and literary critics’ focus on the problem of allegory and the connection of this topic with the problem of temporality. The article concentrates on the conceptions of Walter Benjamin and Gilles Deleuze; texts by E. Bloch, R. Barthes, P. De Man, F. Ankersmit, G. Didi-Huberman, M.A. Holly, and others are analyzed in order to determine both their theoretical context and subsequent development. We also examine the interconnection between the concepts of allegory as temporality and empirical materials from the Renaissance, baroque and romanticism, which were frequently used for the conceptualizations. The main conclusion of the article is that anachronism as the main mechanism and practice in allegory, interpreted as a literary experience which overcomes temporal linearity, turns out to be the most important common point for different conceptualizations of allegory as a mode of temporality.
The axis of the publication is the impact of the late medieval logical and metaphysical theories upon the hermeneutical methodology in the exegetical practice of one of the most prominent Biblical scholars of that period - John Wyclif (1320/1324-1384), his opponents and predecessors. One of the major conclusions drawn in the article is that the late medieval interpretation of the biblical allegory as a predicative relation demonstrates the pertinence of the 14th century exegetical writings analysis in the context of the pivotal problem of the 20th century logic - the problem of the interplay between ontology and the logical analysis of language (B. Russell, G. Frege, etc.).
The article discusses the status of philological, historical and philosophical argument in the theoretical justification of the ancient mythology, undertaken by Georg Friedrich Creuzer in Germany at the turn of the XIX century. The discussion arround the romantic mythology project is analyzed. A paradoxical synthesis of the political argument, theory's positive-scientific standards of verification and allegorical symbols hermeneutics of romantic symbolism and mythology project supporters and critics become the subject of special attention. There is stated a hypothesis of conditionality of described argumentative strategies by the need to versatile Neoplatonic philosophy rehabilitation as the source of the romantic theory of symbol and myth, as well as to the statement of the transcendental for the history eternal truths symbolic body.