Предварительные итоги и трудности постсоциалистических трансформаций
The paper offers a critical analysis of theories working with the concept of “network” in the framework of various areas of philosophy, sociology and political science. Theories are classified through the explication of their epistemological foundations and the designation of problem fields in which they work. From the unformed use of the concept of “network” as a suitable metaphor to its conceptualization in the research of the role of information and new media and work on security issues. The paper focuses on the prospects of using the concept of “network” primarily for analyzing the transformation of political actors (parties, social and protest movements).
The evolution of American social conservatism as a system of ideas and a social movement is under investigation in the article. The transformation of ideological positions, organizational structure, and political activities of social conservatives in the late 20 th century is analyzed in the context of the US changing social and political conditions. The dynamics of relationships between social conservatives and the Republican Party that has developed from the attempts of removing social issues from the party agenda to the awareness of social conservatives' importance in the party coalition is investigated. The main consequences of the transformation of social conservatism in the 1990s, such as adaptation, deep integration of its ideas into the Republican Party platform, and the rise of the social conservative movement in early the 2000s when President G. W. Bush undertook conservative reforms, are presented in the paper.
Introduction to a thematic issue entitled "Russia/former USSR/Latin America: Studies in Post-Authoritarian Transformation." Because of language barriers and a lack of institutionalized ties, the impressive literature on democratization in each of these areas is virtually unknown to authors from the other region. The striking similarities between the former Soviet Union and Latin America are best studied through comparison based on ground-level fieldwork. This approach highlights the blind spots of standard democratization and free-market modernization theory, which tends to universalize scenarios of economic development without paying sufficient attention to case studies. The introduction outlines the conceptual shift from "transition" to "transformation" in the literature on democratization, and presents the articles in the issue as well as some of the challenges the editors faced in bringing authors from Latin America and the former USSR together.