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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Концепция ньалльэ и воинский этос юкагиров (по североюкагирскому эпосу об Эдилвэе)

С. 320-328.
Немировский А. А.

The Yukaghir epic demonstrates the thoroughly elaborated concept of nyalyle (here: "a bad homicide"), by which is meant any murder of a person committed not in a state of direct self-or-other-defense (or power actions against those enemy combatants who are not asking for mercy or reconciliation and not giving up the struggle ) during the confrontation of aggression launched by the enemy not by your fault (even partial) and not by the fault of those on whose side you are fighting. Nyallye lays down the burden on one's honor, and should be avoided. In exceptional cases it may nevertheless become ethically permissible or even ethically necessary (by virtue of other ethical imperatives, in this case outweighing), but even here it is viewed as morally burdensome and highly undesirable. The concept of nyallye expresses a developed ethos, which includes recognition of the high value of human life (even one of  enemy).