Иллюстрированная книга "Ханакадзура"
During the XVIth century Japan acquires Western geographical knowledge for the first time. The adaptation went on comparatively fast, and thinkers of the Edo period (1603 - 1867) started to offer their own view of the world. Unevitably different systems of knowledge were mixed, and also Japan was compared to China, India and Europe. As a result the idea of Japan's supremacy was supported in a new way. Nishikawa offered one of the most original explanations, which is compared to of the other thinkers'.
The book consists of articles of Japanese and Russian researches devoted to humanities.
During the Edo period (1603 – 1867) Japanese thinkers adopt some elements of European geographical thought. The newly created view of the world included both traditional and Western scientific knowledge. The treatise “Nihon Suido Ko:” by Nishikawa Joken (1648 – 1724) is one of the earliest examples of such kind of synthesis. The work was important not only for the development of geographical thought, but also for self-presentation of the Japanese people, as the synthesis of different source of knowledge was aimed to determine the position of Japan in the world.
The article is devoted to a monument of Japanese Medieval literature “Izayoi nikki” written by Nun Abutsu (1221?–1283). This work most likely was gathered and compiled after Abutsu’s death in 1283. Despite the genre designation nikki (日記, “daily recording”, “diary”) Abutsu’s work differs from another traditional diaries by its contents, style, and composition.
“Izayoi nikki” – “The Diary of the Waning Moon” or “The Journal of the Sixteenth-Night Moon" – is not only interesting but also a very important work for the Medieval Japanese literature. First, it is popular among the Japanese, since today this diary is one of the most read works of the Kamakura period. Second, the research of “Izayoi nikki” in context of the diary literature, demonstrates development of a genre nikki. Moreover, the diary consists of about 90 poems, which are the great example of women’s poetry tradition at this time. Finally, the personality of the author herself is very appealing to research deeply. Abutsu was married a famous poet Fujiwara-no Tameie and, more likely, played a key role in dividing the Fujiwara house into three poetic schools (Nijo, Kyogoku and Reizei).
As the last famous work by a woman, as the best known diary or travel account in Japanese written between the twelfth and sixteenth centuries, and as one of the five or six mostly read works of the Kamakura period, the “Izayoi nikki” has an important place in Japanese literature. “Izayoi nikki” gives valuable materials about culture and language of that time and definitely should be interesting for researches devoted to development of diary tradition in Japanese literature.
The works of the 5th vonference of youn japanologists (Moscow, 2013). The articles are dedicated to the variety of themes on Japan: history, economics, intellectual history, international relations.
The article describes the view of the Western countries in Japan during the Edo period (1603 – 1867). The basic source of the research is the treatise «Zo:ho: Kai Tsu:sho: Ko:» by Nishikawa Joken (1648 – 1724), which has been relatively rarely used by researchers despite its value. The author aimed to give a rational decription of the West, although in fact it approached almost grotesque. Still one should aknowledge that during the age of seclusion the Japanese were rather well informed about the external world. The main source of information were the Dutch living in Nagasaki.