This article deals with a current theme — the architecture of the contemporary mosque. There are only a few monographs on the subject, and even fewer case studies which analyze the architecture of individual buildings in their political context. This article is dedicated to the mosques of Abd al-Qadir in Constantine, Algeria (1972–1994, Ismail Hussein Mohammed) and Hassan II in Casablanca, Morocco (1987–1993, Michel Pinseau) and presents the results of onsite research in 2014–2016. The first of the above-mentioned mosques has not been studied before, and therefore much more attention is paid to it. The author argues that both mosques blend traditional decoration with contemporary spatial solutions, for example, the bold diagonal setting of the Casablanca’s minaret. The decoration of this mosque is focused solely on national heritage, but at the same time it is supplemented with modern details and materials. All this should emphasize both the traditionalism and the modernity of Hasan II’s monarchy, as well as inscribe Casablanca in the orbit of the traditional Islam controlled by the king. The creators of the mosque in Constantine оpenly abandoned modernization attempts and emphasized the exact reproduction of the iconic forms of the architecture of Maghreb and al-Andalus. These forms should underline the status of the first Islamic university in socialist Algeria of the 1970s as the new cultural center of the entire Western Islamic world.
The Catalogue of Exhibition at the Russian National Pavilion at the Venise Architecutre Biennal is devoted to the exhibition project "Railways" relised within the framework of the Venise Biennal 2018.
Architectural Association in London was founded in 1847 by a group of young architects who tried to change the tradition of architectural education in the UK. One of the most exciting pages of it’s history deals with the period of 1960-1980-s, when Alvyn Boyarsky has become AA’ director and the school becomes a real experimental field of the post-reconstruction generation, bringing up today’s world architecture leaders. Architects graduated from the Association have become the true heroes of contemporary architecture. Their practice may appear to be very different, but they are all representatives of one school and, in some general way, one generation. The list of names, connected with AA is unbelievably representative: Ron Arad, Ben van Berkel, David Chipperfield, Nigel Coates, Peter Cook, Mark Fisher, Zaha Hadid, David Green, Nicholas Grimshaw, Steven Holl, Rem Koolhaas, Leon Krier, Daniel Libeskind, Richard Rogers, Patrik Schumacher, Bernard Tschumi, Elia Zenghelis. The new generation was inspirited with a special artistic sensibility to the historical urbancontext, architectural genealogy and the complexity of human everyday life in general. The number of questions raised up during that period is still related to the most urgent problems of contemporary urban development. The article is a study of AA’ educational methods and programs, focusing on the main research themes, best diploma studies, additional activities. Education for Boyarski was a way to create an environment for experimentation and critical thinkng, so he supported any student undertaking - from costumed carnivals and elephant riding to music records and student magazines. This was the reform carried out by Boyarski: he completely changed the structure of the studing process by proposing the "unit system" as the base model (which he himself called the "well-laid table"). The essay is devoted to the history of the London Architectural Association of the 1960s-1980s, the urban problems faced by the generation that succeeded the generation of the postwar Reconstruction, and the methods of teaching developed during these years under the leadership of Alvin Boyarski.
The research deals with the question of new pedagogical programs elaborated at one of the leading European architectural schools — London Architectural Association — during the period of the 1970s-1980s.
574 К. А. Малич
Architects who graduated from the Association have become true heroes of contemporary architecture. The list of names connected with the Association is unbelievably representative: Ron Arad, Ben van Berkel, David Chipperfield, Nigel Coates, Peter Cook, Mark Fisher, Zaha Hadid, David Green, Nicholas Grimshaw, Steven Holl, Rem Koolhaas, Leon Krier, Daniel Libeskind, Richard Rogers, Patrik Schumacher, Bernard Tschumi, Elia Zenghelis. The paper is focusing on works and pedagogical methods of Peter Cook, one of Archigram leaders and Architectural Association tutors. Among the questions considered in the paper are futuristic utopian proj- ects, nomadic cities, reprogramming of the city environment, and actualizing of medieval urbanistic models. The paper is based on the materials of the London Architectural Association archive.