Россия и Япония в конце XIX - начале ХХ в.: война и мир
The Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5 became, in many ways, a precursor of the two world wars of the 20th century, first and foremost as a war of the urbanized civilization. The paper focuses on the poetic projection of this war as perceived by a city far away from the military action, the city as a locus of the war’s premises and consequences, and proposes a general approach towards the poetics of verse in the perspective of the urban projections as well as examines the reception of Port-Arthur in the poems of 1904-6.
In 1802 upon the orders of the Russian-American Company ensign Davidov and lieutenant Khvostov were sent to deliver the food supplies to the Russian colonies in America. In 1804 the Company repeatedly ordered these two officers to make the voyage to America. Before their departure they met Rezanov, who arrived to Kamchatka after his unsuccessful mission to Japan, where he was supposed to establish the trade relations. Due to this failure and the attempt to save Russian colonies and expand the territory of the Russian Empire Rezanov decided to start trading with the local inhabitants of the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. This study will examine the information about Japanese, their settlements at Kuril Islands and local inhabitants of the Kuril Islands – ainu. This research is based on the pages of the unique historical document “The Journal of the Voyage of an American Company Tender “Avos” in 1807, under Ensign Davidov”. This Journal gives a detailed description of the Japanese, Ainu, their settlements and compares them to the Russian ones.
The book includes a selection of articles by young japanologists who participated in the 7th Conference of Young Japanologists (October 2015, Moscow). A wide range of themes is presented: society and law, traditional culture, architecture, design, Russo-Japanese relations.
This study will examine the second Sakhalin and Kuril Islands expedition of lieutenant Khvosotv and ensign Davidov in 1807. The plan of the expedition to Sakhalin was originally built by Rezanov. He genuinely believed that it would help to establish trade between Russia and Japan. On the August 8th of the 1806 he issued an order that prescribed two officers to conduct the expedition to Sakhalin. However, on the 24th of September, he cancelled the expedition. Despite that fact Khvostov decided to conduct the expedition to Sakhalin. Moreover, the following 1807 year Khvostov, this time together with Davidov, carried out the plan of expedition to Sakhalin and Kuril island for the second time. This research is based on the Davidov’s journal “The Voyage of an American Company Tender “Avos” in 1807, under Ensign Davidov”, in which he gives a detailed description of the expedition. He makes interesting notes on the state of the Japanese settlements, compares them to the Russian ones, and describes the search of the first Russian settlements, which was founded by Zvezdochotov on Kuril Islands.