Akkadian Sentences about the Present Time (II_1)
The first part of the paper is devoted to the problem of reconstruction of Tablet IV of the Standard Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh. The second part deals with the place name Ḫamrān in an Old Babylonian Gilgamesh tablet from the Schøyen Collection. It is proposed that Ḫamrān is to be identified with Armānum, a city mostly known from the royal inscriptions of Naram-Sin.
The paper shows that there is a pattern in the distribution of synthetic (šēp šarrim “the king’s foot”) vs. analytical (kaspum ša awīlim “the boss’s money”) genitive constructions in Old Babylonian. The choice depends on the lexical feature of head nouns known as (in)alienability. Old Babylonian kinship and body part terms, as well as some other substantives, are “inalienable”, which means they take only the synthetic construction. All other Old Babylonian nouns are “alienable”, which means they admit both the synthetic and the analytical construction (kasap tamkārī and kaspum ša tamkārī “the merchants’ money”). In the latter case, there is no general rule to predict the choice, yet in certain cases the two constructions display a non-random frequency distribution.
A new volume of the CUSAS series, published by L. Milano and A. Westenholz, provides the readers with an unprecedented wealth of highly informative Late Sargonic documents. The present article is an in-depth analysis of this remarkable theme, focusing on a variety of philological and linguistic issues. It also contains a complete glossary of Akkadian words and forms occurring in CUSAS 27.
The paper surveys the current state of knowledge about Sumerian loanwords in Akkadian and is intended as a prolegomenon to future studies dealing with specific lexemes. The paper discusses the following problems: identification of Sumerian loanwords in Akkadian and vice versa; key sources for reconstructing Sumerian phonology.