Modernisation in EU–Russian Relations: Past, Present, and Future. Introduction
The chapter constructs a new approach to legal approximation in EU-Russian energy relations
The paper shows the connection of the normative-value system of Russians with the existing type of Russian society. On a large empirical data estimated specificity and stage of sociocultural modernization experienced by contemporary Russian society .
The paper argues that a new comprehensive theory of legal harmonization between the EU and a third partner (Russia) is needed and sketches a three-level concept. The progress and prospects of legal approximation in EU-Russian energy relations are then explored through this theoretical prism. Two issue arenas of the energy dialogue are compared and contrasted (market-making and clean energy) to identify the reasons for the success of the clean energy agenda and the causes of failure of the market-making initiatives. Ways to improve the market-making part of the EU-Russian energy dialogue are also suggested on the basis of the three-level theory of legal approximation.
This collection includes copies of reports and participants are Russian scientific-practical conference on "Europe, Russia, Asia: Cooperation, contradictions, conflicts," held in Ryazan State University November 29, 2012. Designed for professionals, historians, teachers, schools and universities, undergraduate and graduate students of historical faculty.
The article examines partnerships for modernisation between Russia, on the one hand, and the EU as well as 23 out of its 28 member states, on the other hand. In doing that it first identifies the difference between the Russian economic interpretation of modernisation and the EU's one based on political values. The article then demonstrates the ambiguity rather than singularity of the position that EU member states promote in their modernisation partnerships with Russia. To illustrate the difference among EU member states’ the article designs a scale of Russia’s sensitivity to various political aspects of modernization and then posits member states on this scale on the basis of their national partnerships for modernisation with Russia. As a result, a new classification of EU member states emerges; it is based on the extent, to which they are ready to defend the political definition of modernisation (and ultimately the EU's normative power) in their relations with Russia.