Формирование комплексных систем управления рисками горного производства
Article considers problems of an assessment of efficiency of company’s activity on the basis of complex indicators of production results and resources. Tools of complex-valued economy – the new scientific direction having the theory of functions of complex variables as the basis – are used to modeling of economic dependences. The properties of exponential production function of complex variables with the real exponent are studied in the work. The function describes the interrelation between complex variable profit and costs of production and a complex labor and capital factor. Elasticity coefficients of complex-valued production function are investigated.
Practical application of the model for forecasting the efficiency of industrial production is considered on the example of " Erdenet Enterprise" (Mongolia). Construction of Kobb-Douglas production function for the analysis of activity of this enterprise was impossible. However the analysis of economic indicators of the enterprise by means of complex-valued production function yielded positive results. Calculation of elasticity coefficients for the function modeling activity of the enterprise, and also their interpretation are given in the article. The conclusion is made about the need of considering such problems as work organization by the company’s management for the purpose of increasing the production efficiency of the enterprise.
The main efforts of modern geoecology focus on various aspects of monitoring the state of the natural environment within the sphere of anthropogenic impacts on raw materials complexes and on determining the irreversible level of adverse impacts and consequences of natural disasters in the absence of effective tools and systems for early forecasting and detection of hazards and environmental risks (erosion, oil spills, oil and gas leaks and contamination of surface and groundwater, landslides, collapses, subsidence, mining, fire, among others). As a result, even with the highest methodological and technical level of modern research, there remains trivial conclusion on the need to protect nature. This leaves open the main question of effective methods of nature protection and the necessary changes in technologies and methods of data management. The improvement of the methodological basis for the design of mining systems to achieve integrated development of subsoil is aimed at advancing the innovative energy and resource-saving geotechnologies, which ensure the required efficiency and safety of work, including early detection of potential hazards and risks. In this study, an integrated approach to the processing of remotely sensed data is being developed, which is envisaged to share the results of the measurements obtained in Russia and Kenya by various satellite-based technologies in both optical and radar bands.