A real-time algorithm for mobile robot mapping based on rotation-invariant descriptors and iterative close point algorithm
Nowadays many algorithms for mobile robot mapping in indoor environments have been created. In this work we use a Kinect 2.0 camera, a visible range cameras Beward B2720 and an infrared camera Flir Tau 2 for building 3D dense maps of indoor environments. We present the RGB-D Mapping and a new fusion algorithm combining visual features and depth information for matching images, aligning of 3D point clouds, a “loop-closure” detection, pose graph optimization to build global consistent 3D maps. Such 3D maps of environments have various applications in robot navigation, real-time tracking, non-cooperative remote surveillance, face recognition, semantic mapping. The performance and computational complexity of the proposed RGB-D Mapping algorithm in real indoor environments is presented and discussed.