Теория общественного выбора как экономическая революция в политологии и позиция австрийской школы
The article discusses the revolution in political science, produced by economists - the creators of the theory of public choice. Before the advent of this theory the concept of benevolent state, pursuing a public interest, totally dominated. Economists (J. Buchanan and G. Tullock, and others) began to treat the activities of politicians and bureaucrats as an ordinary economic agents maximizing their own utility. As a result, it made possible an alternative view of the state: it turned into a resultant vector of divergent private and collective interests. In the recent years, public choice theory was divided into two areas: the "political economics" of mainstream neoclassical economics and Virginia school. This article discusses the similarities and differences of the latter with the Austrian school of economics. It is argued that the preservation of non-orthodox content of Virginia school is possible only in the case of its alliance with the Austrian school of economics as a leading intellectual force confrontation economic mainstream.