Глобализация американской «революции сланцевой нефти»: возможности и ограничения
Issues of interaction between assets, institutions and innovations are the subject of paper. Special attention is given to the specific (idiosyncrasy) assets characteristics in a centrally planning economy. "Shale revolution" assets drivers analyses is presented. Quantitative estimates of main conclusions are given – as with use of econometric tools as "catastrophe theory" approach.
Issues of the institutional environment factors influence on qualitative shift in the composition of the hydrocarbons considered in the article (for the example of shale gas revolution in the U.S.). The quantitative assessment of institutional factors impact on shale gas production is made by using mathematical "catastrophe theory".
Aggravation of the situation around Ukraine and the subsequent imposition of economic sanctions against Russia were the evidences of the deterioration of the economy of the world's leading powers and strengthening of the struggle for key markets by economic and political methods. In the center were the energy markets, dependence on these markets of Russia is traditionally high and vulnerability is most apparent. The author analyzes missed opportunities of modernization, problems and challenges of Russia under pressing of new geopolitical situation.
Analysis and prospects for Russia in the global energy market.
On May 18-19, 2012, at the presidential retreat in Camp David in Maryland, U.S. president Barack Obama hosted the 38th annual G8 summit. The leaders discussed global economic growth, development, and peace and security. After less than 24 hours of face-to-face time among the leaders, they issued communiqué of only five pages. However, Camp David was a significant success. The leaders came together to effectively address the most pressing issues of the day while setting the direction for the summits that were to follow, including the summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in Chicago, the G20 in Los Cabos, Mexico, and the Rio+20 Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. That success was propelled by several causes. The first is the set of strong global shocks were particularly relevant to a number of items on the agenda. This included the newest installment of the euro-crisis, spikes in oil and food prices, and the escalating violence in Syria. The second is the failure of the other major international institutions to address these challenges. The third is the club’s dedication to the promotion of democracy and its significance on issues such as the democratic transition in the Middle East and North Africa. The fourth is the high relative capabilities of G8 members, fuelled by the strength of the U.S. dollar, the Japanese yen and the British pound. The fifth is the domestic political control, capital, continuity, competence and commitment of the leaders in attendance. Camp David saw several G8 leaders returning for their sixth or seventh summit and leaders with a secure majority mandate and control of their legislative houses at home. Finally, the constricted participation at the remote and secluded Camp David Summit, a unique and original advantage of the G8 summit style, allowed for more spontaneous conversation and interpersonal bonds. Together, these interconnected causes brought the G8 back, as a broader, bigger, bolder centre of effective global governance.
The compendium of articles presented at the fifth international conference of young scientists, organized by the Center of Energy Studies, IMEMO RAS and Faculty of International Energy Business of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU), focuses on the complex and multidimensional processes of world energy restructuring. Of special interest are the articles from the young scholars of Center of Energy Studies, IMEMO RAS and Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas Base Chair at IMEMO, covering the world oil market developments, transport electrification, LNG market development and China’s and India’s gas market restructuring.