Концепция социального либерализма на "рынке идей" современной России
The monograph analyses both the Great Depression as "the black years" of capitalist world-system and alternative ways out the greatest crisis of the capitalist economy. Authors give main attention F.D. Roosevelt's "New Deal" as the Great Reform in USA but they considers also alternative European ways out the Great Depression (fascism versus liberalism corrected). A special attention is dedicated to mutual influence of Soviet and American economies during socialist industrialisation and "New Deal".
The theme of social liberalism is examined in the light of the quality of the state. One thing is a state that stands above society. The other – a state based on an agreement with society and, therefore, requiring the adoption of social policies, based on the alignment of interests of different groups. In Russia, there is a state of the ? rst type, but the society is clearly unhappy about this and increasingly makes demands for transformation of the state. In the methodology of the social sciences as the author believes it is important to study the extent to which the state is implementing a “common interest” and how it is re?ected in the analytical and mathematical models describing the Russian society
In spite of the fact that the liberalism had a significant history in Russia in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries its coming back to political practice during perestroika and after the collapse of the USSR should be considered as essentially new stage. At that time the traditions of pre-revolutionary liberalism were essentially “forgotten”, and those who was eager to stand under the liberal banner had to reinvent it almost from scratch. After a short triumph in the very beginning of the 1990s and modest electoral success in mid-1990s liberalism has given up its positions as a political force. Since 2003 the liberal parties has lost representation in the State Duma (a lower chamber of the Russian parliament) which brought their marginalization. In mid-2010s, in the context of crisis in Russia’s relationship with the West caused by annexation of Crimea and war in Donbass the liberals became stigmatized as “pro-Western” and “anti-national” political force which made the revival of liberalism highly problematic.
The article analyzes the opportunities for Russian interpretation of the concept of social liberalism