Цели и целевые показатели программ развития образования в регионах СЗФО
In the present paper we consider the infl uence of limited time resources on the planning of territories. By specifi c example of one of the districts of Nizhniy Novgorod region it is shown how the limitations of political and economic factors change the trajectory of territorial development.
In the paper basic principles and general approach to development of Performance Management Systems (PMSs) are discussed. It is considered that development of PMSs should rely on certain principles, each of them is described in details. Finally, a two-level managerial approach to PMS design and development planning is proposed. The top level, related with PMS in whole, is considered within the bounds of three generic stages – functional modeling, dynamic modeling and finalizing.
At present, enterprise performance management (EPM) systems are widely used in practice, because they facilitate strategic decision-making and contribute to improved information transparency of organizations. However, methodological issues related to managing the development of such systems seem to be insufficiently investigated and elaborated. The purpose of the study is to formulate and justify fundamental principles for managing EPM systems’ development. These principles derive from peculiarities of EPM systems themselves and the features of their development management. In particular, the features of EPM systems are complexity and modular structure, large-scale scope, the long-term nature of planning, monitoring and analysis, use of aggregated information – both financial and non-financial. The features of managing development of EPM systems include the implicit nature of the resulting economic benefits, influence of stochastic factors, as well as availability of “complicated” projects (with uncertain outcomes, ability to reexecute and multiple variants of implementation). As a result, the basic principles of managing development of EPM systems can be formulated. There are the principles of a system, the going concern, business alignment, value for money, program management, alternativeness, feasibility, stochasticity, as well as resources aggregation.
The significance of these principles is explained by the fact that they can be used as a basis for an integrated process of managing the development of EPM systems. These principles are also valuable for formalizing certain elements of the management process, such as assessment of the maturity level of EPM systems, the formation of potential development programs, simulation of implementation of the development programs, as well as decision-making regarding selection of development programs for implementation.
2016 witnessed the first stage of implementing development program of pillar universities of the first wave of competition selection. The article presents a short description of the program, pillar university models and quality analysis of the results of program development implementation results in 2016 based on monitoring results. Conducted analysis allows for concluding that besides performing plans in terms of efficacy indicators and road map implementation, pillar universities in 2016 obtained real results in the field of changing their position in the region and forming proactive position in facilitating social and economic development of relevant Russian Federation regions. This allowed pillar universities for initiating processes of forming regional innovation infrastructure: opening techno-parks, business - incubators, collective use centers, etc.; initiating absolutely new formats of interaction with the region aimed at developing local communities, municipal and regional environment; intensifying the work with strategic partners in the Russian Federation. This article addresses project teams of Russian universities.
The paper focuses on the questions of analysis, selection and monitoring of management systems development programs, relying on comparison of the program related expenditures and dynamics of the system’s maturity level, using simulation modeling. In this regard, integrated indicators, which characterize effectiveness of the development program, its financial aspects, as well as its efficiency and duration, are considered. Specific features related with of calculation of the development program integrated indicators using the results of simulation modeling and appropriate statistical metrics are disclosed.
The paper focuses on possibility of combination of discrete-event simulation and expert based approach in the process of evaluation of al-ternative development programs of performance management systems and selection of one of them for implementation. Such tools as timed stochastic Petri nets, specialized simulation software, as well as decision support in-formation systems are considered. Practical application of the advanced recommendations allows increasing justification of decision making in the field of selection of programs for performance management systems devel-opment.