Иностранные банки в Китае: особенности регулятивной эволюции
We study the market discipline by retail depositors of the foreign bank subsidiaries in Russia. We analyze the effect of the direct signal about the bank’s foreign origin – the bank’s title - to deposit growth (quantitative discipline) and interest rates (price discipline) sensitivity to the bank riskiness. We assume that the banks having direct indication of the fact that the owner is a foreign financial company in the banks’ titles, will enjoy greater confidence of retail depositors and therefore less intense market discipline, and this effect will remain unchanged in the crisis of 2008-2009. An alternative hypothesis originates from the consumer ethnocentrism approach, assuming that the signal of foreign ownership will provide an incentive for depositors to monitor the banks more attentively. We use data on 56 foreign banks for 2007-2015. The results suggest that if the bank’s title signals the foreign origin, the deposit growth is significantly more sensitive to a decrease in the capital adequacy ratio or in credit risk, which indicates the ethnocentrism effect, working for disciplining by both quantity and price. The effect for quantitative discipline persists during the crisis of 2008-2009, which is important due to the fact, that this period witnessed the significant inflow of deposits to state and foreign banks from national private ones. The one for price discipline, however, disappears: we witness a reduction in the intensity of price discipline during the crisis for both groups of foreign banks.
The article analyses the legal issues of banks' expansion abroad. The article is organized as follows. Section 1 gives overview of empirical studies on the impact of regulation and legal systems on banks' activity abroad. Section 2 is devoted to the analyses of international and Russian regulation principles of banks' internationalization. Russian legislation regarding banks' expansion abroad is analyzed In Section 3. In Section 4 we examine Russian banks' presence abroad from the point of view of vicinity of legal systems, indices of financial freedom and banking supervision. The article concludes that Russian banks tend to expand to the countries with similar legal systems and close indices of financial freedom.
The article examines the performance of Russian banks during the period from January 1, 2013 to January 1, 2019 in order to determine their current state and development perspectives. We classify banks into seven groups, excluding ones with the revoked licenses. The results show that universal state banks and state-companies controlled banks have the most significant influence on the Russian banking sector. Universal private banks compete well with universal state banks, while the future of small private banks looks unpromising.
A refined definition of bank revenue, controlling for the effect of currency and securities revaluation, yields meaningful results in comparative bank efficiency computations.