### Book chapter

## Generalized Weyl modules

Report on generalized Weyl modules (joint with Evgeny Feigin)

### In book

This volume contains the proceedings of the Maurice Auslander Distinguished Lectures and International Conference, held in April 2013 and April-May 2014, in Falmouth, MA.

This volume is the proceedings of the conference "Representation Theory, Special Functions and Painlevé Equations" at the Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University from March 3 to March 6 in 2015

We develop the basic constructions of homological algebra in the (appropriately defined) unbounded derived categories of modules over algebras over coalgebras over noncommutative rings (which we call semialgebras over corings). We define double-sided derived functors SemiTor and SemiExt of the functors of semitensor product and semihomomorphisms, and construct an equivalence between the exotic derived categories of semimodules and semicontramodules. Certain (co)flatness and/or (co)projectivity conditions have to be imposed on the coring and semialgebra to make the module categories abelian (and the cotensor product associative). Besides, for a number of technical reasons we mostly have to assume that the basic ring has a finite homological dimension (no such assumptions about the coring and semialgebra are made). In the final chapters we construct model category structures on the categories of complexes of semi(contra)modules, and develop relative nonhomogeneous Koszul duality theory for filtered semialgebras and quasi-differential corings. Our motivating examples come from the semi-infinite cohomology theory. Comparison with the semi-infinite (co)homology of Tate Lie algebras and graded associative algebras is established in appendices; an application to the correspondence between Tate Harish-Chandra modules with complementary central charges is worked out; and the semi-infinite homology of a locally compact topological group relative to an open profinite subgroup is defined.

We study the PBW-filtration on the highest weight representations V(λ) of the Lie algebras of type A n and C n . This filtration is induced by the standard degree filtration on . In previous papers, the authors studied the filtration and the associated graded algebras and modules over the complex numbers. The aim of this paper is to present a proof of the results which holds over the integers and hence makes the whole construction available over any field.

The degenerate Lie group is a semidirect product of the Borel subgroup with the normal abelian unipotent subgroup. We introduce a class of the highest weight representations of the degenerate group of type A, generalizing the PBW-graded representations of the classical group. Following the classical construction of the flag varieties, we consider the closures of the orbits of the abelian unipotent subgroup in the projectivizations of the representations. We show that the degenerate flag varieties $\Fl^a_n$ and their desingularizations $R_n$ can be obtained via this construction. We prove that the coordinate ring of $R_n$ is isomorphic to the direct sum of duals of the highest weight representations of the degenerate group. In the end, we state several conjectures on the structure of the highest weight representations.

We first establish several general properties of modality of algebraic group actions. In particular,we introduce the notion of a modality-regular action and prove that every visible action is modality-regular. Then, using these results, we classify irreducible linear representations of connected simple algebraic groups of every fixed modality < 3. Next, exploring a finer geometric structure of linear actions, we generalize to the case of any cyclically graded semisimple Lie algebra the notion of a packet (or a Jordan/decomposition class) and establish the properties of packets.

We give an alternative proof of the main result of [1]; the proof relies on Brion’s theorem about convex polyhedra. The result itself can be viewed as a formula for the character of the Feigin-Stoyanovsky subspace of an integrable irreducible representation of the affine Lie algebra widehatsln(C). Our approach is to assign integer points of a certain polytope to vectors comprising a monomial basis of the subspace and then compute the character by using (a variation of) Brion’s theorem.