The article analyzes the contexts in which the lexeme "dusha" (soul) and its diminutive form "dushen'ka" are used in three collections of spiritual verses containing texts recorded at different times (XIX-XXI centuries), in different regions and in different backgrounds (oral and written). On the basis of the comparison of a significant number of contexts in which the soul acts as a subject and object, as well as word combinations of the lexeme "soul" with atributives, we can see, the specificity of texts in different collectionsd, depending on the difference in their environment (Old Believers - Orthodox) and forms of existence. Thus, in oral verses that do not belong to the Old Believers' environment, often the soul is endowed with "corporeality": in addition to the sins that are usually attributed to the soul, it can take milk from the cows, harvest, eat, etc. and in the verses of the late fixation it still pound themselves, do not care about its soul. The transfer of characteristics of a body onto a soul is possible only in later texts that are oral in the non-Old Believer environment.