### Book chapter

## Ограничения на когомологии гиперкэлеровых многообразий

### In book

We prove that the characteristic foliation F on a nonsingular divisor D in an irreducible projective hyperk¨ahler manifold X cannot be algebraic, unless the leaves of F are rational curves or X is a surface. More generally, we show that if X is an arbitrary projective manifold carrying a holomorphic symplectic 2-form, and D and F are as above, then F can be algebraic with non-rational leaves only when, up to a finite ´etale cover, X is the product of a symplectic projective manifold Y with a symplectic surface and D is the pull-back of a curve on this surface. When D is of general type, the fact that F cannot be algebraic unless X is a surface was proved by Hwang and Viehweg. The main new ingredient for our results is the observation that the canonical class of the (orbifold) base of the family of leaves is zero. This implies, in particular, the isotriviality of the family of leaves of F. We show this, more generally, for regular algebraic foliations by curves defined by the vanishing of a holomorphic (d − 1)-form on a complex projective manifold of dimension d.

The transcendental Hodge lattice of a projective manifold M is the smallest Hodge substructure in pth cohomology which contains all holomorphic p-forms. We prove that the direct sum of all transcendental Hodge lattices has a natural algebraic structure, and compute this algebra explicitly for a hyperkähler manifold. As an application, we obtain a theorem about dimension of a compact torus T admitting a holomorphic symplectic embedding to a hyperkähler manifold M. If M is generic in a d-dimensional family of deformations, then dimT≥2^[(d+1)/2].

Let M be a simple hyperk¨ahler manifold, that is, a simply connected compact holomorphically symplectic manifold of K¨ahler type with h 2,0 = 1. Assuming b2(M) 6= 5, we prove that the group of holomorphic automorphisms of M acts on the set of faces of its K¨ahler cone with finitely many orbits. This statement is known as Morrison-Kawamata cone conjecture for hyperk¨ahler manifolds. As an implication, we show that a hyperk¨ahler manifold has only finitely many non-equivalent birational models. The proof is based on the following observation, proven with ergodic theory. Let M be a complete Riemannian manifold of dimension at least three, constant negative curvature and finite volume, and {Si} an infinite set of complete, locally geodesic hypersurfaces. Then the union of Si is dense in M.