Новый регионализм в современной мировой торговле: соглашения о свободной торговле и феномен «ВТО ПЛЮС»
The System of GATT/WTO worked rather good for about 50 years producing required trade rules. In XXIc. International trade changed profoundly. But the WTO did not adapt to the changes. The megaregional trade agreements like TPP can provide trade with some modern rules but cannot bring universal solution. It is time to start to consider a system of multi-pillar global trade governance with the WTO as a central pillar. This system will be a new system of Global trade governance.
The article discusses the contemporary state of political regional science in Russia. The author outlines three approaches towards the key notion of political region (political administrative, political system and political sociological), based on its own region-making factors, such as administrative borders, political interests and political identities. The author points out two main parts of political regional science; these are comparative federalism and regionalism on one hand and cross-regional comparative politics on the other hand. The key concepts of political regional science are intergovernmental (or inter-level in broader sense) relations and regional politics. The successful development of Russian political regional science needs for the integration with the Western political science and the resolution of contradictions with some of its traditions.
At this research, the author pay attention to the one of the most actual problems of international law: the recognition by the United Nations international and regional organizations, in particular the Arab League. This article presents a detailed analysis of the relationship between the two organizations during the period from 1945 to 1960. Before the adoption of the Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation between the two Secretariats. Particular attention is paid to the strategy of the Political Department of the Arab League for its further recognition in the UN.