An industry perspective on the Russian technology platforms
One of the latest initiatives of the government innovation policy is the proposal for state-owned companies concerning the formation of innovation development programs. The ultimate goal of these programs is to increase the efficiency of state-owned companies and the demand for their products. In particular, state companies can use different mechanisms for the improvement of their innovation development and to increase the share of output of innovative products in the total output. Among these mechanisms we distinguish technology platforms, clusters, venture funds, cooperation with universities etc.
This article is devoted to the analyses of the elements of state industrial policy for strategic development of biotechnology industry in Russia in the context of transition to the new (sixth) technological order. We discuss the goals, objectives and participants of emerging technology platforms, as well as the tools supporting the development of biotechnology, aimed at stimulating demand and increasing competitiveness of the industry.
The paper analyses technology platforms (TPs) that are seen as a valuable policy instrument to assist a multi-stakeholder formulation and implementation of long-term research and development (R&D) programs in specific technology areas. TP are predominantly initiated by policy-makers to support a wide range of priority technologies through direct funding and indirect support measures, information and technology transfer at economy or industry level. The authors propose a theoretical approach to TPs as a science, technology and innovation policy concept. A taxonomy of TPs is offered that may be useful for policy-makers in designing the R&D support measures through assessing a platform’s risk level. The paper clarifies the position of TPs in the science, technology and innovation policy mix. Through a case-study of Russia’s newly established Technology Platforms, designed after the European Technology Platforms, the authors demonstrate the policy adoption and policy learning approach to application of this tool.