Семантическое калькирование и эволюция парадигм отвлеченных существительных в современном русском языке
The paper deals with the criteria for determining semantic calques in modern Russian. Case studies show that a semantic calque can be clearly attested only when there is a pre-established translation correspondence between the words of the source language and the target language. Special attention is paid to the examples of loan translations that underlie the replenishment of formerly defective number paradigms of abstract nouns such as продажа, озабоченность and практика.
Purpose: The purpose of the work is to determine the barriers and perspective of formation of the E-healthcare system in modern Russia. Methodology: Empirical study of the process of formation of the E-healthcare system by the example of modern Russia is conducted with application of the complex of general scientific methods within the systemic approach (analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and formalization), as well as special methods of economic science-the method of SWOT analysis and the method of modeling of socio-economic systems. Results: It is determined that formation of the E-healthcare system will allow increasing the global competitiveness of the healthcare system in modern Russia due to integration of medical organizations and medical services, increase of the quality of service during provision of medical services, and increase of accessibility of medical services. A barrier on the path of formation of the E-healthcare system in Russia is insufficient development of infrastructural provision (institutional and human infrastructure). Perspectives of formation of the E-healthcare system in Russia are connected to implementation of the top-priority direction of the program of formation of digital economy "Improvement of the processes of organization of medical help on the basis implementation of information technologies". Recommendations: For overcoming the determined drawback of this direction-weakness of its conceptual platform-a conceptual model of the E-healthcare system in modern Russia is developed and presented. This model is to ensure acceleration of the process of formation of the E-healthcare system in modern Russia. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.
Paradigm leveling has been extensively studied in different linguistic traditions (e.g. Albright 2002, 2010; Anttila 1977; Benua 1997; Bybee 1985; Kiparsky 1982, 2002; Kuryłowicz 1949; Kenstowicz 1996; Mańczak 1958; McCarthy 2005; Steriade 2000). We analyze several leveling processes currently taking place in Russian, focusing on non- standard innovative verb forms. We show that leveling can simultaneously go in two opposite directions, but some innovations (involving underapplication rather than overapplication of alternations) are more frequent. We discuss examples of alternations that are unattested in standard Russian and examine different factors that influence leveling.
The annual report prepared by a large group of Russian and French researchers. The report focuses on the trends of development of Russia in the sphere of economy, domestic and foreign policy, social and regional policy.
A detailed answer is given in the article to the critical arguments by A.B. Orlov and N.A. Orlova, presented in the article “Science of a man: A person-centered approach to general personology” (see the pages of the present issue of the journal) on a previously published article by V.A. Petrovsky and E.B. Starovoytenko “The science of personality: four projects of general personology” (Petrovsky, Starovoytenko, 2012). The authors of the four projects assume that critique towards them is due to the following reasons. The first one is the obvious perceptual mistakes, substitution of terms, biased interpretations of the texts of the criticized works. The critics willingly tell their ideological and political evaluations, possibly assuming that thus they strengthen the persuasiveness of their reasoning (for example, the idea of “personality” is associated by them with the “racist development of the fascist personology” and so on). In consequence of such erroneous perception these authors come to the erroneous conclusions, which affect the core categories and statements of personology (discrediting of its methodological status, non-differentiation of general personology and local variants of its development – multisubjective personology, personology of life, etc.). Herewith, however paradoxical it is, the critics attribute to themselves the priority in development of “local personologies”. The second reason, which prompts the “person-centered” critics of the idea of personology to enter into controversy with the authors of the four projects and leads to significant distortions of perception, interpretations and evaluations, is the own rather questionable ideas of the disputants; primarily, it applies to the balance of science and practice in the perspective of development of psychology (according to the critics, with the set of the approaching “psychozoic era” the psychology will die, giving place to the person-centered psychopractice). The stylistics of the argument of the critics has little to do with the principles of “empathic hearing”, “understanding and acceptance”, “non-judgemental perception”, which were discovered by the creator of the “person-centered approach” C. Rogers. Instead of the “active listening” the methods of “active eating” (“black rhetoric”) are used. The content and the style of their reasoning have nothing common with the “person-centered approach” – as applied to the ideas of those who think differently.
The article concerns the problem of alternative character of evolution of the Russian legal policy when transferring from agrarian to industrial society; substantiates the necessity of complex historical-law study of mechanisms of formation of paradigms of legal policy including alternative ones, as exemplified by the peasant reform of 1861–1866..