Перспективы развития Северного морского пути
Logistics infrastructure development drives the national welfare growth. Transportation plays a significant role in logistics infrastructure as it helps to realize one of the main logistics functions – management of material flow between two different points. Taking into consideration the length of Russian Federation as well as variety of climatic and natural conditions, it is obvious that railway prevails as it is unaffected by external impact and has several economic advantages over other modes of transport. The article demonstrates the need for speedy execution of the project well known as Northern Latitudinal Railway. Moreover it is investigated general socioeconomic and logistics consequences of appearance of Transpolar alternative to Trans-Siberian Railway.
The third volume of the series " The islands and archipelagos of the Russian Arctic " is dedicated to the history, cultural heritage and natural environment of the northern archipelago of the Russian Arctic - Franz Josef Land. It is based on the results of years (since 1990) studies the Marine Arctic Complex Expedition belonged by Polar Research Foundation and the Research Institute for Cultural and Natural Heritage. Materials on historical experiments recreating the conditions and circumstances of polar expeditions are presented. First diaries of members of foreign missions to the Franz Josef Land are published.
Indicators of mortality of urban population in four northern regions of the Russian Federation were analyzed: the Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Magadan regions and the Republic Sakha (Yakutia). The study period covered eleven years between 1999 and 2009. All these regions are characterized by higher mortality rates and lower life expectancy than the national average indicators. After 2003, life expectancy began to increase due to reduction in cardio-vascular mortality. Mortality rates in the regional capitals were somewhat higher than the respective average rates for all urban population within the region.