The chapter considers the concept of legal liability, types of legal liability, its functions and basic principles.
“Compensation for violation of exclusive rights” is the central remedy used in the Russian legal system against IP infringements. This legal instrument is the Russian equivalent for the US statutory damages. It was introduced in Russia in 1992, quickly became very popular, and in high demand among IP right holders. At the same time due to it’s controversial, hybrid nature that combines compensatory and punitive functions there is a permanent risk of awarding excessive, many times multiplied damages, which is contrary to the principles of legal certainty, proportionality and individual character of sanction, reasonableness and justice. The article traces the evolution of the compensation in the Russian IP law and case law since 1992, reflects ongoing theoretical debates on its nature, demonstrates aggressive tactics used by the IP right holders in order to multiply damages subject to award, and reveals practical solutions developed by the Russian courts in order to balance competing interests. The article concludes with several proposals to reform legislative provisions on compensation in Russia.
Today, there is the need to distinguish certain legal categories, concepts, phenomena as goals and objectives for rulemaking and enforcement. "Legal protection" and "legal defense" subjective rights and freedoms of the parties involved are no exception. In this article, we attempt to summarize some of the positions, views of various scientists and researchers on the problem associated with the ratio of these categories.