Источниковедение историографии: дисциплинарные основания и этический выбор
The paper identifies two approaches in the formation of subject fields of historiography’s source studies, which differ according to their religion and paradigmatic grounds and, respectively, on the methodological and ethical consequences. First – inside the disciplinary framework of historiography, in which historiography’s source studies is formed quite traditional way, by analogy with the so-called source studies (actually thematic review of sources) other specialisations and research areas – source studies of military history, source studies agrarian history etc.
The starting point of the second approach serves as a source studies. This approach, developed by Scientific and pedagogical school of source studies website Istochnikovedenie.ru, realizing the idea of exacting scientific nature of historical knowledge and considering the historical source (including historiographic sources) as its empirical basis, aspires to rationality of the neoclassical type. Understanding the historical source as a result of a creative activity of a person / product of the culture leads to the following definition of the analyzed concept: historiographic sources is a group of types of historical sources, realizing the functions of presentation and positioning of historical knowledge, both scientific and socially oriented. In this case, the historiography’s source studies as a branch of source studies, has as its object of a specific group of historical sources – historiographic sources while maintaining universal source studies themes of the approach for studying them.
Examines the concept of historiographic source and shows the coherence of approaches to the definition of this concept approaches to the definition of a historical source, links these approaches with classical, non-classical and neoclassical models of science. Shown the value of the species classification of historiographic sources, which allows to evaluate them not only in terms of goal-setting of the author, but in the context of a specific historiographical culture. A special analysis s given for the notion of «monography» as a kind of historiographic sources, coherent classical model of science.