Понятие конкурентоспособности региона и пути ее повышения
The article presents the methodology of a comprehensive research on HEIs’ role in regional development. The methodology was adapted to study the North-Eastern Federal University experience in facilitating Far Eastern Federal District economic and social development. To evaluate the university’s role in facilitating regional development three key dimensions were examined: innovation, education and research, socio-cultural sphere. These dimensions correspond to the federal universities’ functions, and meet development trends of Far Eastern Federal District. A toolkit for analysis of the North-Eastern Federal University development programme effectiveness was developed in the framework of the research. Evaluation of Far Eastern Federal District social and economic development trends and implementation of the North-Eastern Federal University development programme enabled to provide recommendations for the university future development. The research outcomes are of applied nature and can be used for elaboration of the university’s strategic development concept, and amendment of the ongoing university’s development programme. The conducted research creates foundation for the university’s effective contribution to the territory development. The research was conducted in the framework of the project “Analysis of the NEFU’s role in the development of the territory on the basis of the OECD methodology adapted for Russian universities to develop recommendations for enhancement of university’s influence on innovative, technological, educational and socio-cultural development of the region”, implemented within the contract № 1537-09/12, 24.09.2012 by the Institute of International Organisations of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” and Department for Strategic Development of North-Eastern Federal University in 2012.
The article observes European experience of improving national competitiveness through cluster internationalization.
The review of studies made in the EU shows that networks are not capable of long-term excellence and development unless its members are acting in global markets and involved in international knowledge transfer.
Based on the analysis of European experience the authors of the article suggest a working definition of “cluster internationalization” as well as a basic toolbox for internationalization of networks, including a set of criteria for identification of world-class clusters, a guide for designing a cluster internationalization strategy and a list of internationalization support programs.