Особенности методов правового регулирования экологических отношений
The article explores ecological zoning presented in legal acts and legal doctrine, the relationship to the zones with special conditions of use territories (by planning legislation). The article analyzes the general approaches to types of territories and zones with special management of environment and protection system.
There were identified the following main ecological zones with a special regime of protection and use of natural resources: nature protected areas, therapeutic and health areas and resorts, water protection zones, health-protection zones and protection zones, zones around the source of ionizing radiation, zones of ecological disaster, emergency situations zones, flooding zones and others. In addition, land categories and permitted use thereof influence on environment management too.
A brief overview of the requirements for the openness and accessibility of information on each of these territories and their legal regulation is given.
The author confirms in fragmentation of legal acts that regulate this area, lack of integrated approach of their establishment. It concludes general recommendations on improve legal regulation.
Neither the ecological problems facing the European Union (EU), nor the state of the environment in the EU countries, can be today definitely characterized. In spite of the efforts being made, there is practically no progress observed in the affairs of maintaining biological variety in the continent, dramatic deficit of pure water is felt. In this connection, as is stressed in the article, an especially important role is assigned to the preparation and adoption of the Constitution of the EU.