Мальтийский язык - от арабского диалекта к национальному языку
The study of dialects and spoken forms of Arabic is a prominent issue in contemporary Arabistics focussed, among other things, on studying the vernacular specifics of Arabic-speaking societies, as well as the features and prospects of the development of colloquial forms of Arabic. The paper presents a preliminary study of the modern Maltese language (il-Malti) and of its evolution from one of the Arabic dialects to the national language of Malta.
The paper presents analysis of a new kind of educational courses based on multidisciplinary approach. The course synthesizes the methodologies and advances of regional studies and regional geography, cultural and cross-cultural studies and communication, oriental studies, civilization studies, second language acquisition and second language teaching. The course is a part of a wider language program elaborated and implemented at NRU HSE (Saint Petersburg) and bases essentially on the inclusive strategies of Arab countries study, primarily language learning techniques (Arabic). It requires preliminary commandment of elementary course of Arabic. This study aims to analyze a year’s experience of constructing the Arab countries studies course and its teaching process, and to evaluate the merits and demerits of its aspects, taking into account the peculiarities of the academic activity, language skills, basic dictionary, and comparative analysis of several similar courses.
The paper deals with the class of standard posture verbs of the human body "stand", "sit', "lie" in Standard Arabic within the tradition of linguistic typology that relies on the semantic classification of predicates, proposed by Y. Apresyan (Apresyan 2003,2006).
The “Book of Sessions” (Kitāb al-majālis) of Elias of Nisibis, Metropolitan of the Church of the East (975–1046), with his Muslim vis-à-vis, vizier Abū ʾl-Qāsim al-Maghribī (981–1027), is a remarkable example of the Christian Arabic literature of the 11th c.—the time of the flowering of the Arabic culture. In the present edition, it is compared with the “Epistle” of Elias to the vizier, and some documents that reveal the history of the creation of the “Book” are also taken into consideration.
H. Murre-van den Berg’s article “Classical Syriac, Neo-Aramaic, and Arabic in the Church of the East and the Chaldean Church between 1500 and 1800” (pp. 335–351) is an important contribution to the history of the Syriac literature and the culture of Christian Aramaeans in the modern era. Apart from the “Introduction” and the “Concluding Remarks,” her essay is divided in two parts: “The Use of Classical Syriac, Neo-Aramaic, and Arabic” and “The Function of the Languages.”…
The Book of Sessions (Kitāb al-majālis) of Elias of Nisibis is a remarkable example of the Arab-Christian literature of the 11th century CE which is still pending its full critical edition. The content of the book is an account of the discussions between Metropolitan Elias (975–1046) and his Muslim vis-à-vis – wazir Abū ʾl-Qāsim al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī al-Maghribī (981–1027). This work demonstrates the intellectual contacts between the different religious traditions of medieval Arab culture in its flourishing age as well as characteristics of the Christian literature developed in the Syro-Mesopotamian region in that epoch. This publication provides a critical survey of the treatise and discusses a probable source of the fourth session which is represented in Russian translation. While working on the article and the translation, the author used manuscripts from the collections of Berlin and Aleppo.
This paper is devoted to vocative-appositive constructions in Arabic. It considers features of the vocative particle يا and its interaction with different types of contexts. Appositive phrase in Arabic is discussed according to its structure and distributional capabilities. Basic possibilities of combining the vocative particle with the appositive constructions are considered.
The paper contains a take on the classification problem variation featuring class noise where each object in the training set is associated with a probability distribution over the class label set instead of a particular class label. That type of task was illustrated on the complex natural language processing problem – automatic Arabic dialect classification. In the task we have a set of objects that were labeled by a heuristic rule; which could cause errors during automatic annotation process. Suggested approach allows taking into account probabilities of these errors. Described experiments show that even relatively simple accounting of that probabilities helps to significantly improve the quality of the built classifier.
The volume is dedicated to Viktor Khrakovsky's 80th anniversary. Viktor Khrakovsky is among the most prominent Russian typologists. He was among the creators of Peterburg typological school. The volume includes papers in typology, Russian lingusitics, Arabic studies and other domains of linguistics.