Сотрудничество России и стран АТР в энергетическом секторе
This paper analyzes the relations between Russian Federations and Belarus in the energy sphere. A brief statistical overview of the foreign trade relations demonstrates an increasing dependence of the Belarusian economy on the dynamics of energy resources. This claim is illustrated by considering the case of the oil, gas market, energy conservation policy of Belarus.
Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, economic cooperation between Russia and China, especially in terms of bilateral trade, has grown rapidly. In 2009, China became the top trade partner of Russia. The structure of commercial links between these two countries is characterized by the expansion of Russian hydrocarbon sales, on the one hand, and pronounced growth in Chinese exports of manufactured products, on the other. Investment cooperation between the two nations is of little relevance. Among the challenges facing Russia is the need to diversify its exports to China, as well as intensify ties in tourism, transportation and innovations.
In the coming decades in the process of globalization the position of the USA and Europe will weaken, while the role of developing countries will increase. The role of the two largest emerging economies – China and India – will be of special significance. What future will these fast-growing giants face? The demographers agree that pretty soon India will lead the world in population and thus surpass China, while China will encounter serious ageing population problems. But economic and political scenarios of the future are quite different: from resounding success and world leadership to collapse caused by demographic and socio-political troubles. Which of them is more feasible? In the present article I analyze the Chinese and Indian development models separately and comparatively and make a forecast of their perspectives in the twenty-first century. Such an analysis could be helpful for understanding Russia's ways of development.
China's economic success is largely determined by very low population dependency ratio. This situation was a result of the demographic policy in the PRC. However, another consequence of the same policy becomes imminent rapid aging of China's population. It is very likely that by the early 2030s the country after half a century of unprecedented success will enter a period of coping.
Quick economic development on India dictates the necessity of its energy base improvement. One could hardly overestimate the importance of so called seven sisters or seven states of North-East India. One of these states is Nagaland (16 579 км2, population -1, 980, 602), the first tribal state of India. There are deposits of gold, uranium, chromium, jade, natural gas and oil. This is the first state in the region having created a special Agency for renewable energy. The article is dedicated to the problems of energy development in the state.