МИНИМАЛЬНАЯ ЗАРАБОТНАЯ ПЛАТА В СУБЪЕКТЕ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ И РЕФОРМА МРОТ: ВЫВОДЫ И ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ
The author studies recent changes in the minimum wage policy in Russia. The year 2018 has become a turning point in the history of the minimum wage in Russia. The “bite” of the minimum wage has increased significantly making it binding for a large portion of workers. The legislation remains controversial with regard to the “northern” coefficients increasing the regulatory risks and threatening to undermine the system of minimum wage bargaining at the regional level due to the crowding-out effect. The minimum wage is currently set at a “reasonable” level concerning the national average and median wages. Direct costs of rising the minimum wage are small. However, the effect varies significantly across the regions — about one third of Russian regions will face a sharp increase in the share of workers at or below the minimum wage. The main financial burden of the minimum wage increase will be borne by regional and municipal budgets
This monograph aims at analyzing the minimum wage and 'effective contract' legislation in international context, taking into account both historical and modern peculiarities in general and with a particular emphasis on public service. This analysis being performed from a comparative viewpoint, allowed the authors to assess the legislative amendments suggested by the legislator against the labour legislation currently in force. It has also helped to throw light onto the gaps and conflicts in the minimum wage and 'effective contract' regulation and common errors in its enforcement. The authors formulated their own suggestions concerning further legislation development in this field. This monograph was prepared with information support of the "ConsultantPlus" electronic legal database system.
The Article is devoted to the labor income regulation problem in Russian population. The research object includes labor social relations, the research subject includes labor activity, labor income, labor contract, labor forms and labor income regulation. The labor income role in a comprehensive contract in the labor market, including for modern forms of labor relations (such as freelance and services) was described in labor activity theoretical analysis from the new institutional economy positions. The Russian regulation practice of various wage systems was described with reasoning of the approach revision of state labor income regulation necessity. It is proposed to replace allocation of specific compensation systems types and minimum wage concept in favor of legal worker and the employer at modern work forms guarantees, in order to establish restrictions within the complex contract on payment of all possible work measurement units and their combinations.