### Book chapter

## О сложности реализации симметрических булевых функций в одном бесконечном базисе

### In book

We investigate the size of first-order rewritings of conjunctive queries over OWL 2 QL ontologies of depth 1 and 2 by means of hypergraph programs computing Boolean functions. Both positive and negative results are obtained. Conjunctive queries over ontologies of depth 1 have polynomial-size nonrecursive datalog rewritings; tree-shaped queries have polynomial positive existential rewritings; however, in the worst case, positive existential rewritings can only be of superpolynomial size. Positive existential and nonrecursive datalog rewritings of queries over ontologies of depth 2 suffer an exponential blowup in the worst case, while first-order rewritings are superpolynomial unless NP⊆P/poly. We also analyse rewritings of tree-shaped queries over arbitrary ontologies and observe that the query entailment problem for such queries is fixed-parameter tractable.

Closed classes of functions of many-valued logic are studied. Problem on the basis existence is considered for some families of closed sets. Functions from generating systems are symmetric functions taking the values from the set {0,1} and equal to zero on the unit collection and collections containing at least one zero. Furthermore, closure of any subset of considered set of fuction intersected with initial function set equals to the unit of every function closure of the subset intersected with initial function set.

The complexity of realization of *k*-valued logic functions by circuits in a special infinite basis is under study. This basis consists of Post negation (i.e. function *x*+1(mod *k*)) and all monotone functions. The complexity of the circuit is the total number of elements of this circuit. For an arbitrary function *f*, we find the lower and upper bounds of complexity, which differ from one another at most by 1. The complexity has the form 3log_3 (*d*(*f*)+1)+*O*(1), here *d*(*f*) is the maximum number of the value decrease of the value of *f* taken over all increasing chains of tuples of variable values. We find the exact value of the corresponding Shannon function which characterizes the complexity of the most complex function of a given number of variables.

Representation theory of big groups is an important and quickly developing part of modern mathematics, giving rise to a variety of important applications in probability and mathematical physics. This book provides the first concise and self-contained introduction to the theory on the simplest yet very nontrivial example of the infinite symmetric group, focusing on its deep connections to probability, mathematical physics, and algebraic combinatorics. Following a discussion of the classical Thoma's theorem which describes the characters of the infinite symmetric group, the authors describe explicit constructions of an important class of representations, including both the irreducible and generalized ones. Complete with detailed proofs, as well as numerous examples and exercises which help to summarize recent developments in the field, this book will enable graduates to enhance their understanding of the topic, while also aiding lecturers and researchers in related areas.

We investigate the succinctness problem for conjunctive query rewritings over *OWL 2QL* ontologies of depth 1 and 2 by means of hypergraph programs computing Boolean functions. Both positive and negative results are obtained. We show that, over ontologies of depth 1, conjunctive queries have polynomial-size nonrecursive datalog rewritings; tree-shaped queries have polynomial positive existential rewritings; however, in the worst case, positive existential rewritings can be superpolynomial. Over ontologies of depth 2, positive existential and nonrecursive datalog rewritings of conjunctive queries can suffer an exponential blowup, while first-order rewritings can be superpolynomial unless NP ⊆ P/poly. We also analyse rewritings of tree-shaped queries over arbitrary ontologies and note that query entailment for such queries is fixed-parameter tractable.

Full 20-page version is available here:

http://arxiv.org/abs/1401.4420

We give a solution to the succinctness problem for the size of first-order rewritings of conjunctive queries in ontology-based data access with ontology languages such as OWL 2 QL , linear Datalog± and sticky Datalog±. We show that positive existential and nonrecursive datalog rewritings, which do not use extra non-logical symbols (except for intensional predicates in the case of datalog rewritings), suffer an exponential blowup in the worst case, while first-order rewritings can grow superpolynomially unless NP⊆P/poly. We also prove that nonrecursive datalog rewritings are in general exponentially more succinct than positive existential rewritings, while first-order rewritings can be superpolynomially more succinct than positive existential rewritings. On the other hand, we construct polynomial-size positive existential and nonrecursive datalog rewritings under the assumption that any data instance contains two fixed constants.