Эффект когорты в изучении социальной интегрированности горожан
In their version of modernization theory, R. Inglehart and K. Welzel suggest that younger cohorts socialized under conditions of existential security are the main drivers of post-materialist values and modernization process. In this paper, we test this thesis based on five waves of the World Values Survey fielded in Russia and covering the period from 1990 to 2017. We use age-period-cohort analysis, which disentangles the effects of age, time period and cohorts. We implement a method of measuring emancipative values proposed by K. Welzel. His emancipative values consist of four different indices: «autonomy», «equality», «choice», and «voice». The results show that younger cohorts in Russia do have a higher level of emancipative values as suggested by the theory. The basis for the transformation of values is three indices out of four: «autonomy», «choice», and «voice». «Equality» is the only index that showed neither age nor cohort differences.
The paper presents the conditions for implementing a model of student self-governance in educational institutions. It is proposed the use of student government conditions for the realization of extracurricular activities as an effective means of socialization in the implementation of the requirements of the GEF.
The study, presented in the article is a part of the research project "Regional identity in terms of socio-economic changes (on the example of Nizhny Novgorod Region, 2002 - 2014 years)". It reveals the age aspects of participants’ subjective opinions towards problems of urban development. In this study, regional identity is presented as a social phenomenon with a complex structure that includes symbolic, political, economic, social, socio-psychological components. Social and socio-psychological components of regional identity are in the focus of the analysis. The sample of the study involved "provincial" cities residents – citizens of regional centers and small towns of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The first stage was based on a sample of 516 people (2002), the second stage - on a sample 366 people (2014). The study was made by the cross-section method. During the interview participants formulated their own vision of the majority opinion on the prospects of the city, expressed their individual views on urban development programs, and stated areas where they were willing to show personal participation, which allowed to determine the changes in the indices of activity, altruism and solidarity of citizens in the studied period. Data analysis clearly points to the "cohort effect" in assessing the status of citizens groups of different age over the study period and, accordingly, changes in the socio-psychological dimension of regional identity. The cohort effect is evident on the material of the overall priorities of citizens in the city and region development: all age groups have radically changed their views on the values of the majority over 12 years, particularly due socio-cultural and historical transformation. The cohort effect is also identified it the analysis of social integration indicators - solidarity and altruism. Market economy transitions, socio-political culture transformations have particularly affected social integration indicators in the group of citizens of middle and old age.