Глава 6. Теория цикла под ударом кризиса
We offer our readers a collection of articles by prominent experts on migration issues in Russia, Germany and Italy. Its publication was the result of cooperation between the Council of experts Of the Institute of linguocivilization and migration processes at the Russian world Foundation, the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences and foreign partners-the Academy of political education in Tutzing, Germany, and the Institute of political, social and economic research (EURISPES) in Rome, Italy.
The review covers OECD report “The Productivity-Inclusiveness Nexus”. Modest global economic growth is closely related to lagging labour productivity caused by growing barriers experienced by economic agents in accessing markets and resources. The key massage of the report is a call for changing the economic growth model to more inclusive productivity growth that enables people invest on the skills and provides an environment where all firms have a fair chance to succeed. Inclusive economic growth model primary aims at improved living standards and opportunities for all parts of society, especially low income. This aim implies implementation of the package of structural transformations, the key idea of which is that acceleration in productivity growth should be supplemented by reduction of income inequality and ensuring that all individuals are equipped to fulfilling their productive potential.
The article examines the causes of the aggravation of the problems of cross-border migration, as well as the impact of migration flows on the competitiveness of host countries and their positions in the changing environment of the world economy. The contradiction that needs to be studied is that, in many respects, contrary to popular theoretical views, the leading countries in international rankings, which show high rates in various areas of development, tend to have the highest proportion of foreign migrants in their population. The author pays special attention to the problems of European migration in 2015-19, the experience of Germany, as well as the key aspect of discussions, practical solutions and assessment of prospects taking into account the Russian challenges in the field of migration.