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## Grassmannians, flag varieties, and Gelfand-Zetlin polytopes

P. 179-226.

The aim of these notes is to give an introduction into Schubert calculus on Grassmannians and flag varieties. We discuss various aspects of Schubert calculus, such as applications to enumerative geometry, structure of the cohomology rings of Grassmannians and flag varieties, Schur and Schubert polynomials. We conclude with a survey of results of V. Kiritchenko, V. Timorin and the author on a new approach to Schubert calculus on full flag varieties via combinatorics of Gelfand-Zetlin polytopes.

Shakhmatov K., Математические заметки 2021 Т. 109 № 6 С. 929-937

An open translation-equivariant embedding of the affine space A^n into a complete nonprojective algebraic variety X is constructed for any n >= 3. The main tool is the theory of toric varieties. In the case n = 3, the orbit structure of the obtained action on the variety X is described. ...

Added: June 6, 2021

Smirnov E., Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society 2017 Vol. 54 No. 5 P. 1773-1778

We give an alternative proof of a recent result by Pasquier stating that for a generalized flag variety X=G/P and an effective Q-divisor D stable with respect to a Borel subgroup the pair (X,D) is Kawamata log terminal if and only if [D]=0. ...

Added: February 14, 2017

Galkin S., The conifold point / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1404.7388.

Consider a Laurent polynomial with real positive coefficients such that the origin is strictly inside its Newton polytope. Then it is strongly convex as a function of real positive argument. So it has a distinguished Morse critical point --- the unique critical point with real positive coordinates. As a consequence we obtain a positive answer ...

Added: May 4, 2014

Grigory Merzon, Smirnov E., Determinantal identities for flagged Schur and Schubert polynomials / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1410.6857.

We prove new determinantal identities for a family of flagged Schur polynomials. As a corollary of these identities we obtain determinantal expressions of Schubert polynomials for certain vexillary permutations. ...

Added: October 23, 2014

Kuznetsov A., Alexander Polishchuk, Journal of the European Mathematical Society 2016 Vol. 18 No. 3 P. 507-574

We introduce a new construction of exceptional objects in the derived category of coherent sheaves on a compact homogeneous space of a semisimple algebraic group and show that it produces exceptional collections of the length equal to the rank of the Grothendieck group on homogeneous spaces of all classical groups. ...

Added: December 22, 2013

Valentina Kiritchenko, Mathematical Research Letters 2016 Vol. 23 No. 4 P. 1069-1096

We describe an elementary convex geometric algorithm for realizing Schubert cycles in complete flag varieties by unions of faces of polytopes. For GL_n and Gelfand{Zetlin polytopes, combinatorics of this algorithm coincides with that of the mitosis on pipe dreams introduced by Knutson and Miller. For Sp_4 and a Newton{Okounkov polytope of the symplectic flag variety, ...

Added: February 25, 2016

Bilich B., Classification of noncommutative monoid structures on normal affine surfaces / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2021. No. 2106.04884.

In 2021, Dzhunusov and Zaitseva classified two-dimensional normal affine commutative algebraic monoids. In this work, we extend this classification to noncommutative monoid structures on normal affine surfaces. We prove that two-dimensional algebraic monoids are toric. We also show how to find all monoid structures on a normal toric surface. Every such structure is induced by ...

Added: June 13, 2021

Galkin S., Golyshev V., Russian Mathematical Surveys 2006 Vol. 61 No. 1 P. 171-173

Added: September 14, 2013

Nathan Owen Ilten, Jacob Lewis, Victor Przyjalkowski, Journal of Algebra 2013 Vol. 374 P. 104-121

We show that every Picard rank one smooth Fano threefold has a weak Landau–Ginzburg model coming from a toric degeneration. The fibers of these Landau–Ginzburg models can be compactified to K3 surfaces with Picard lattice of rank 19. We also show that any smooth Fano variety of arbitrary dimension which is a complete intersection of ...

Added: July 2, 2013

Dzhunusov S., Zaitseva Y., Forum Mathematicum 2021 Vol. 33 No. 1 P. 177-191

We classify commutative algebraic monoid structures on normal affine surfaces over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. The answer is given in two languages: comultiplications and Cox coordinates. The result follows from a more general classification of commutative monoid structures of rank 0, n-1 or n on a normal affine variety of dimension n. ...

Added: January 15, 2021

Kuznetsov A., Alexander Polishchuk, Exceptional collections on isotropic Grassmannians / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2011. No. 1110.5607 .

We introduce a new construction of exceptional objects in the derived category of coherent sheaves on a compact homogeneous space of a semisimple algebraic group and show that it produces exceptional collections of the length equal to the rank of the Grothendieck group on homogeneous spaces of all classical groups. ...

Added: October 4, 2013

Galkin S., Mellit A., Smirnov M., International Mathematics Research Notices 2015 Vol. 2015 No. 18 P. 8847-8859

We show that the big quantum cohomology of the symplectic isotropic Grassmanian IG(2,6) is generically semisimple, whereas its small quantum cohomology is known to be non-semisimple. This gives yet another case where Dubrovin's conjecture holds and stresses the need to consider the big quantum cohomology in its formulation. ...

Added: October 20, 2014

Arzhantsev I., Bazhov I., Central European Journal of Mathematics 2013 Vol. 11 No. 10 P. 1713-1724

Let X be an affine toric variety. The total coordinates on X provide a canonical presentation !X -> X of X as a quotient of a vector space !X by a linear action of a quasitorus. We prove that the orbits of the connected component of the automorphism group Aut(X) on X coincide with the ...

Added: November 13, 2013

Galkin S., Mellit A., Smirnov M., Dubrovin's conjecture for IG(2,6) / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1405.3857.

We show that the big quantum cohomology of the symplectic isotropic Grassmanian IG(2,6) is generically semisimple, whereas its small quantum cohomology is known to be non-semisimple. This gives yet another case where Dubrovin's conjecture holds and stresses the need to consider the big quantum cohomology in its formulation. ...

Added: May 16, 2014

С.А. Белев, Tyurin N. A., Теоретическая и математическая физика 2013 Т. 175 № 2 С. 147-158

We prove the existence of a rank-one pseudotoric structure on an arbitrary smooth toric symplectic manifold. As a consequence, we propose a method for constructing Chekanov-type nonstandard Lagrangian tori on arbitrary toric manifolds. ...

Added: February 18, 2013

Р.С. Авдеев, Алексей Владимирович Петухов, Математический сборник 2014 Т. 205 № 9 С. 3-48

For every finite-dimensional vector space V and every V-flag variety X we list all connected reductive subgroups in GL(V) acting spherically on X. ...

Added: October 22, 2014

Ivan Penkov, Tikhomirov A. S., Pure and Applied Mathematics Quarterly 2014 Vol. 10 No. 2 P. 289-323

We consider ind-varieties obtained as direct limits of chains of embeddings $X_1\stackrel{\phi_1}{\hookrightarrow}\dots\stackrel{\phi_{m-1}}{\hookrightarrow} X_m\stackrel{\phi_m}{\hookrightarrow}X_{m+1}\stackrel{\phi_{m+1}}{\hookrightarrow}\dots$, where each $X_m$ is a grassmannian or an isotropic grassmannian (possibly mixing grassmannians and isotropic grassmannians), and the embeddings $\phi_m$ are linear in the sense that they induce isomorphisms of Picard groups. We prove that any such ind-variety is isomorphic to one ...

Added: October 9, 2014

Arzhantsev I., Communications in Algebra 2018 Vol. 46 No. 8 P. 3539-3552

A non-degenerate toric variety X is called S-homogeneous if the subgroup of the automorphism group Aut(X) generated by root subgroups acts on X transitively. We prove that maximal S-homogeneous toric varieties are in bijection with pairs (P,A), where P is an abelian group and A is a finite collection of elements in P such that A generates the group P and for every a∈A the element a is contained in the semigroup generated by A∖{a}. We show that any ...

Added: April 20, 2018

Arzhantsev I., Алгебра и анализ 2022 Т. 34 № 2 С. 1-55

В работе дан обзор результатов последних лет о кратной транзитивности действий групп автоморфизмов аффинных алгебраических многообразий. Рассматривается свойство бесконечной транзитивности действия группы специальных автоморфизмов и эквивалентное ему свойство гибкости многообразия. Данные свойства имеют важные алгебраические и геометрические следствия, и при этом они выполнены для широких классов многообразий. Отдельно изучаются случаи, когда бесконечная транзитивность имеет место ...

Added: March 14, 2022

Stanislav Fedotov, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 2013 Vol. 365 No. 8 P. 4153-4179

In this work we study a realization of moduli spaces of framed quiver representations as Grassmannians of submodules devised by Marcus Reineke. Obtained is a generalization of this construction for finite dimensional associative algebras and for quivers with oriented cycles. As an application we get an explicit realization of fibers for the moduli space bundle ...

Added: November 5, 2015

Kotenkova P., Beitrage zur Algebra und Geometrie 2014 Vol. 55 No. 2 P. 621-634

Let X be a normal affine algebraic variety with regular action of a torus T and T ⊂ T be a subtorus. We prove that each root of X with respect to T can be obtained by restriction of some root of X with respect to T. This allows to get an elementary proof of ...

Added: September 17, 2015

Roman Avdeev, Alexey Petukhov, Transformation Groups 2021 Vol. 26 No. 3 P. 719-774

Let G be a symplectic or special orthogonal group, let H be a connected reductive subgroup of G, and let X be a flag variety of G. We classify all triples (G, H, X) such that the natural action of H on X is spherical. For each of these triples, we determine the restrictions to ...

Added: September 2, 2020

Arzhantsev I., Mikhail Zaidenberg, International Mathematics Research Notices 2022 Vol. 2022 No. 11 P. 8162-8195

Given a toric affine algebraic variety X and a collection of one-parameter unipotent subgroups U_1,…,U_s of Aut(X), which are normalized by the torus acting on X, we show that the group G generated by U_1,…,U_s verifies the following alternative of Tits type: either G is a unipotent algebraic group or it contains a non-abelian free subgroup. We deduce that if G is 2-transitive on a G-orbit in X, then G contains a non-abelian ...

Added: January 31, 2021

Roman Avdeev, Alexey Petukhov, Algebras and Representation Theory 2020 Vol. 23 No. 3 P. 541-581

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group and let H⊂G be a connected reductive subgroup. Given a flag variety X of G, a result of Vinberg and Kimelfeld asserts that H acts spherically on X if and only if for every irreducible representation R of G realized in the space of sections of a ...

Added: February 11, 2019