Затруднения при порождении слов в дискурсе и их формальные маркеры: норма и патология, или о недискретности нормы в языке и речи
Aphasia is language impairment due to brain damage. Word-finding and word-retrieval problems can be very prominent in the speech of people with aphasia, being detectable in almost every aphasic speaker. On the other hand, word-finding difficulties and speech errors can sometimes oc-cur in speech of neurologically healthy people. It is assumed that the same psycholinguistic levels of word-retrieval breakdown can account for the mistakes of both groups. In the meanwhile, retrieving of a single word from mental lexicon is not the only possible level of hindrance for a speaker: ref-erential and lexical choices that take place at more general discourse and pragmatic level can also be disturbed. The Russian CLiPS—Russian CLinical Pear Stories—is a corpus of film-elicited narratives retrieved following(Chafe, 1980) methodology from healthy and language-impaired cohorts. The aim of our research was to in-vestigate the characteristics of formal markers of word retrieval difficulties in narratives of neurologically healthy people and people with aphasia. Three types of markers were considered(discourse markers, false starts and self-corrections) in the nominations of common referents of Pear sto-ries narratives. The markers at different breakdown levels are qualitatively analysed, creating a platform for future analysis.