Основные подходы к измерению этнической гетерогенности
The wide variety of studies is devoted to the analysis of link between societal diversity and different economic and social outcomes. Implications of public policy decisions matter too much in societies with high level of cultural (ethnic, religious and linguistic) heterogeneity.
Ethnic identity is believed to be a hardly measured controversial category that is linked to a common culture, common history, common territory, and common language (Chandra 2006). The various aspects of cultures are hard to describe empirically and so are the distances between cultures, though several approahes to measure them have been proposed by scholars.
This paper is an attempt to analyze different indices of polarization and fragmentation using empirical data on county level.