Заработная плата в российских городах: фактор возраста и природных ресурсов
This book addresses unexpected disasters and shocks in cities and urban systems by providing quantitative and qualitative tools for impact analysis and disaster management. Including environmental catastrophes, political turbulence and economic shocks, Resilience and Urban Disasters explores a large range of tumultuous events and key case studies to thoroughly cover these core areas. In particular, the socio-economic impacts on urban systems that are subject to disasters are explored.
Paper presents an optimal control model with the stocks of two resource: one is the stock of exhaustible resource (groundwater) and the other is the stock of waste water which is a by-product of water use. Waste water could be re-used but this resource has a higher marginal cost than the groundwater. The characteristics of effi cient water consumption vector and dynamics of groundwater and waste water stocks are analyzed under the assumption of limited storage capacity of waste water stocks. The sensitivity of effi cient vectors of exogenous parameters (groundwater stock and its refi ll, marginal cost of renewable substitute) is investigated.
Developments in methodologies, agglomeration, and a range of applied issues have characterized recent advances in regional and urban studies. Volume 5 concentrates on these developments while treating traditional subjects such as housing, the costs and benefits of cities, and policy issues beyond regional inequalities. Contributors make a habit of combining theory and empirics in each chapter, guiding research amid a trend in applied economics towards structural and quasi-experimental approaches. Clearly distinguished from the New Economic Geography covered by Volume 4, these articles feature an international approach that positions recent advances within the discipline of economics and society at large.
Dynamic model of efficient allocation of water with three sources of water supply (groundwater, surface water and the recycling technology with limited capacity) is constructed and analyzed. It is shown that in case of binding capacity constraint we can abandon the use of groundwater at some moment and then revert to it some time in future. Efficient path could be decentralized under suitable water tariffs. Comparative analyses of water tariffs for the two users that differ only in terms of the availability of recycling technology are undertaken.
This article conducts a plant-level study of the factors affecting foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow to a large openning economy endowed with specific factor advantages. We conclude that the distribution of FDI in the Russian regions depends on market access and can be most notably by the knowledge-capital framework. Factor endowments built by natural resources are more successful in explaining the location decisions of export-platform affiliates. The impact of natural resources depends on how the availability of these resources is measured. The results reject the crowding-out effects of resource FDI and prove co-location mode, when service investments are attracted to resource-rich regions. Labour cost advantages better explain the preferences of non-trading service affiliates