Взаимосвязь ранней предпринимательской активности и уровня экономического развития
System of indicators characterising entrepreneurial potential of regions of the Russian Federation was formed on the basis of a survey conducted by the Public Opinion Foundation and in which participated 59,6 thousand respondents. In line with the entrepreneurial potential concept three major groups of indicators were allocated: tendency to entrepreneurial activities, entrepreneurial activities framework conditions, entrepreneurial activities implementation.The database formed as a result of the study allows, according to the authors, to comprehensively assess the level of entrepreneurial potential of the region, and also not only to identify its most resilient components, but to use it as a predictive model for estimation of expected effectiveness of measures to support and stimulate the development of entrepreneurship.
The analysis of region differentiation of microentrepreneurship development and indexes of judicial statistics based on the current data of statistical recording are given in the article. The capabilities of cluster analysis for revelation of typological groups of the Russian region depending on the level of entrepreneurial activities and the results of law enforcement practice are represented.
The paper analyzes main results of an empirical study on components of Entrepreneurial Framework Conditions (EFC) in Russia. The study is based on the microdata of the Adult Population Survey obtained under the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Project in 2011. The paper shows main quantitative and qualitative peculiarities of Russian population’s opinion on the EFC that determined fertility, mortality and survival of business in 2012 and will be important in a measure till 2014.
The participation of a Russian team in the GEM Consortium made it possible to collect data for Russia on the level of development and the structure of entrepreneurial potential that are comparable to analogous indicators in other countries participating in the GEM. (It should be noted that in 2006 and in 2007 the GEM was based on analysis of survey results from 42 countries, with a total sample of more than 170600 people.). Entrepreneurship is taken to mean any attempt to create a new enterprise or business, including self-employment, the creation of a new entrepreneurial structure or the expansion of a pre-existing business, undertaken by an individual, a group of individuals or an existing business structure.