Хронодискретный характер развития законодательства о стандартизации в Российской Федерации
The article discusses the dynemics of the legislation of the Russion Federation on standardization and draws conclusions about its intermittent character
In terms of actual tendency of innovations being the driven part of the world economy development it is necessary to describe the situation with innovations and standardization in Russia. The article is describing Russian innovations eco-system, regulations in innovations and standardization of innovations. Main standardization bodies and challenges in standardization are briefly described. Possible ideas for the development of innovations system in Russia are proposed.
The research on technical regulations and standards highlights that the EAEU is already implementing many EU standards as the basis for reforming and modernizing its former GOST regulations and standards. In addition the EAEU is adopting many standards of the international standards organizations (ISO, IEC, ITU), which work very closely in partnership with the European standards organizations (CEN, CENELEC, ETSI), such that international and European standards are to a large degree identical. This means that the legal and technical infrastructure for non-tariff barriers of the two parties is already converging. This makes non-tariff barriers a potentially fertile field for cooperation between the EU and EAEU, which in turn could mean easier access to markets and increased mutual trade. In this case, the potential format and extent of cooperation could extend to include a Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) on Conformity Assessment, through to the most ambitious formula (in EU practice) of the Agreement on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products (ACAA). Such arrangements would in principle ideally form part of a free trade agreement. Such scenarios can be technically specified, but of course they would have to rely on demanding political conditions which today are not satisfied.
This issue reveals problems and contradictions standing from the technical legislation reform in Russia. System of technical reglaments, new to Russia, excludes most, but not all standards from the sphere of public protection provided by the State. As a result, standards provided by the Technical Legislation Law are freewill standards and standards provided by other acts are compulsory. It disrupts the system of standards and increases risks and expenses of producers, customers and the State.
This paper presents an approach for developing Linux interface standards aimed to improve portability of applications among different Linux distributions. The approach is based on usage of database-driven informational system that simplifies creation and maintenance of interface standards by standardization committees and their usage by application and distribution developers. A logical model of interfaces between Linux applications and distributions is described which is used to design schema of the informational system's database.