Immigrant acculturation: Psychological and social adaptation.
The author focuses her attention on the analysis of the general and the particular in the adaptation of specialists on the basis of the data collected in Russia by the NRI HSE in the course of monitoring the population’s economic situation and health (RLMS-HSE), comprising a vast body of classified information on the changes in the conditions and quality of life of the Russian people.
This work sanctifies the features of social adaptation of two specific groups of students: students workers and foreign students. The authors distinguish these two concepts, and consider both common and different features of the process of social adaptation in Russian universities.
This paper aims at answering one central question: why there is considerable demand for the labor of migrants in Russian rural communities in spite of widespread anti-migrant attitudes and the absence of significant differences between costs of migrant labor and local labor? It is argued that disintegration of Soviet state-farm-based and industry-based communities and spread of dacha estates in 1990s resulted in emergence of certain emigrant niches (forestry and construction industries, agriculture, and communal services) in the rural North-Western Russia by the beginning of 2000s. Network organization of migration (D. Massey), integration of migrant community into local rural community, and absence of secure labor opportunities outside migrant community create relationships of enforceable trust (A. Portes) which provide incentives for migrants to follow certain labor ethics and transform them into more disciplined occupants of non-prestigious job positions, than local under-class people. Mechanisms of immigrant niche formation (R. Waldinger) and negative labeling close certain segment of unskilled labor market for local population.
Immigrant Youth in Canada is designed to help students gain a better understanding of the complexities, challenges, and opportunities of the immigrant and second-generation youth experience in Canada. Thirty-five Canadian researchers and practitioners offer strategies to respond to the challenges immigrant youth face, and explore ways to recognize the assets these youth bring to Canadian society.
An analysis of data from the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of the Russian population's adaptation to the changes of the post-Soviet period (1994-2009) shows that beneath the surface of stability there is a sense of unease about the future, and especially of the ability of large sections of the population to improve their conditions of life.