Immigration, settlement and policy: Social and psychological analyses
The manual is dedicated to the study of the phenomenon of immigration in France and is meant for students of higher stage of education learning the course of general French, level of proficiency B1,B2.
The manual has practical, educational and developmental objectives.
The main practical objective is to teach how to work with modern texts about the problems of immigration in France, to enrich the students' vocabulary and to from speaking skills.
The inclusion of the materials of the manual in the academic activities is aimed at helping students to from an idea about the main stages of the French immigration, the problems of integration, and at nurturing tolerant attitude towards representatives of various cultures. The materials used for teaching reading and speaking were the texts from quality French publications and articles from print and electronic media related to immigration.
This chapter addresses changes in immigration trends and their psychosocial effects in post-Soviet Russia. Russia is currently the world’s second most populous country (after the USA) in terms of its immigrant population, with most coming from the Central Asian States (Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan) and China. The chapter begins with an examination of the social issues that immigrants must face. The research focuses on Moscow as the most attractive destination for immigrant workers. The chapter presents the findings of an empirical study conducted on the reciprocal acculturation between immigrants and the host society in Moscow. The study examines the correlations between the immigrants’ acculturation attitudes and the host society’s acculturation expectations and perceptions of the immigrants. More specifically, the study focuses on how measures of integral security (including physical, cultural and economic security) influence the host society’s attitudes towards immigrants.
The level of self-employment among immigrants is often higher than among natives. The purpose of this paper was to test empirically whether selective migration with respect to entrepreneurial characteristics may explain this difference. The relevant hypotheses were tested comparing representative samples of Russian immigrants in Norway and their stay-at-home counterparts. Data from the Russian population came from the 2008 GEM study, while data on Russian immigrants in Norway were collected through a specially designed postal survey. The analysis revealed some demographic dissimilarity between the two groups, as well as a presence of selective migration with respect to entrepreneurial characteristics. This study demonstrates that immigrants (as compared to non-migrants) are more likely to report intentions to start a business. Moreover, they possess relatively large amount of specific human capital, social capital and self-confidence relevant for entrepreneurship. The paper concludes with proposed practical implications and suggestions for further research.