On the submartingale / supermartingale property of diffusions in natural scale
S. Kotani (2006) has characterised the martingale property of a one-dimensional diffusion in natural scale in terms of the classification of its boundaries. We complement this result by establishing a necessary and sufficient condition for a one-dimensional diffusion in natural scale to be a submartingale or a supermartingale. Furthermore, we study the asymptotic behaviour of the diffusion's expected state at time $t$ as $t \rightarrow \infty$. We illustrate our results by means of several examples.