The relation between the linguistic competence and performance and the architecture of the grammar
This thematic issue is an outcome of a collaborative multi-year research project on Questionnaires for linguistic description and typology.
In this article, we present StimulStat – a lexical database for the Russian language in the form of a web appli- cation. The database contains more than 52,000 of the most frequent Russian lemmas and more than 1.7 million word forms derived from them. These lemmas and forms are char- acterized according to more than 70 properties that were dem- onstrated to be relevant for psycholinguistic research, includ- ing frequency, length, phonological and grammatical proper- ties, orthographic and phonological neighborhood frequency and size, grammatical ambiguity, homonymy and polysemy. Some properties were retrieved from various dictionaries and are presented collectively in a searchable form for the first time, the others were computed specifically for the database. The database can be accessed freely at http://stimul. cognitivestudies.ru.
The seventh and last chapter of Vygotsky's Thinking and Speech (1934) is generally considered as his final word in psychology. It is a long chapter with a complex argumentative structure in which Vygotsky gives his view on the relationship between thinking and speech. Vygotsky's biographers have stated that the chapter was dictated in the final months of Vygotsky's life when his health was rapidly deteriorating. Although the chapter is famous, its structure has never been analyzed in any detail. In the present articlewe reveal its rhetorical structure and show how Vygotsky drew on many hitherto unrevealed sources to convince the reader of his viewpoint.
We report a self-paced reading experiment studying how the inflectional class (declension) a noun belongs to and its gender influence the processing of gender agreement in Russian.