Стратификация и инструментальная реализация модельного комплекса пенсионной системы РФ
The work contains diagnosing оf the problems in the Russian domestic savings; detailed analysis of 27 foreign pension systems in the world and instruments of development policy in collective investments in the United States, the European Union and the BRICS countries; quantitative study of factors affecting the level of development of pension funds and collective investments in 50 countries.
This book provides an in-depth comparative analysis of inequality and the stratification of the digital sphere.
Grounded in classical sociological theories of inequality, as well as empirical evidence, this book defines ‘the digital divide’ as the unequal access and utility of internet communications technologies and explores how it has the potential to replicate existing social inequalities, as well as create new forms of stratification. The Digital Divide examines how various demographic and socio-economic factors including income, education, age and gender, as well as infrastructure, products and services affect how the internet is used and accessed. Comprised of six parts, the first section examines theories of the digital divide, and then looks in turn at:Highly developed nations and regions (including the USA, the EU and Japan); Emerging large powers (Brazil, China, India, Russia); Eastern European countries (Estonia, Romania, Serbia); Arab and Middle Eastern nations (Egypt, Iran, Israel); Under-studied areas (East and Central Asia, Latin America, and sub-Saharan Africa).
Providing an interwoven analysis of the international inequalities in internet usage and access, this important work offers a comprehensive approach to studying the digital divide around the globe. It is an important resource for academic and students in sociology, social policy, communication studies, media studies and all those interested in the questions and issues around social inequality.
This article addresses the questions, What do children in urban areas do on Saturdays? What type of organizational resources do they have access to? Does this vary by social class? Using diary data on children’s activities on Saturdays in the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale metropolitan area, the authors describe the different types of venues (households, businesses, public space, associations, charities, congregations, and government/tribal agencies) that served different types of children. They find that the likelihood of using a charity or business rather than a government or tribal provider increased with family income. Also, the likelihood of using a congregation or a government facility rather than business, charity, or household increased with being Hispanic. The authors discuss implications for the urban division of labor on Saturdays and offer research questions that need further investigation.
As a matter of great importance the information and communication technologies (ICT) development are searched in this paper. Indicators using for measuring and fostering progress in this area are widely used in ranking countries last decade. But the development of the country’s regions needs attention as well; especially it concerns such a large country as Russia. The heterogeneity of its regional structure is shown. As an classification criterion the innovative development is proposed. Using advanced statistical parametrical and non-parametrical methods allows defining the stratification of regions. The level of ICT development in groups (strata) of regions has been compared.
In this work is presented a new approach to the designing of intelligent systems of the control of the shareholder value for the vertical-integrated Financial Corporation (VIFK). Developed system based on using of system-dynamics methods for the simulation of the synergic interaction between different business directions of VIFK for the target of shareholder value maximization. Note, the described system has been successfully introduced in biggest Russian banking groups and it is used for the preparing of strategic decisions.
The aging of Russian population leads to inefficiency of Pay-As-You-Go system, where the benefits come solely from government taxation of current workers' wages, and seems to be one of the problems of Russian Pension System. This is the overview of Russian demographic settings compared to other countries from US CIA ranking. Long-run instruments of influencing demography in Russia are stated below.