Католическая традиция в масштабе времени
The author looks at the airbase on the (Portugal) as a showcase of America's attitude to its lesser NATO partners, and a demonstration of how an individual nation can use the home field advantage to play with the superpower and a military alliance at its peak in the modern multipolar world.
The article discusses the process of formation and evolution of the concept of Free will in the period of late Anquity and Middle Ages and also reasons of the fact that this concept became a foundation of European interpretation of personality and social teaching of the Catholic Church. The analysis was conducted on the basis of official legal documents of the Catholic Church, as well as on the basis of writings of Doctor of the Church. The compilation of theological and legal approaches makes it possible to assess influence of the catholic teaching on the formation of legal doctrine and West European mental model in comparative perspective.
The same year 1775 the equestrian statue of the King Dom José I was inaugurated in Lisbon, the sculptor of the monument Joaquim Machado de Castro (1731-1822) published the festive ode in honor of the king and his statue. My paper aims to reconstruct some historical circumstances for that little-known ode, and propose three possible levels of its interpretation: as a Sovereign’s portrait, as representation of the monument, and as eulogy to the artist. The paper suggests, that there were some topics from Horace, by which Machado de Castro declared the new neoclassic ideas.