Manuscripts dated to the Mamluk period in the collection of St.-Petersburg State University Library
Manuscripts are a significant part of the rich cultural heritage of the Mamluk period. Like a mirror, a wide range off hand-written texts reflects the cultural life in Mamluk Egypt and Syria. Some manuscripts of the Qur‘an are magnificent examples of calligraphy and illumination. The level of scientific knowledge demonstrate manuscripts on Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Astronomy; a selection of adab literature gives an opportunity to apprehend what cultural atmosphere in Cairo or Damascus might have been like. Works on kalam, fiqh and other religious disciplines written by Muslim scholars, who were a group of the local population, allowed to communicate with political elite and interacted with Mamluk sultans and emirs in some cases are important sources of cultural history of the period, as well as manuscripts on history, geography, genealogy, military art and encyclopedias.