Викторианский роман в постмодернистском дискурсе
The paper is dedicated to the notion of the Victorian epoch and linguistic means of its representation in J. Fowles’ novel “The French Lieutenant’s Woman” in comparison to that of the Victorian authors (Ch. Dickens, T. Hardy, G. Eliot, W. Thackeray etc.).
The Victorian epoch is considered to be a precedent phenomenon for the English native speakers, sharing the nation’s system of values. However the notion and the perception of the Victorian epoch in the novels of the representatives of the Victorian society and contemporary writers differ considerably. J. Fowles’ novel is a striking example of how a vision of the Victorian England is introduced into the picture of the world of the XX century writer.
The aim of this article is to examine the features of the relationship of conservatism and postmodernism. The article identified as similar and antagonistic points of views of postmodernists and conservatives, analyzed the causes of these complex relationships. The author concludes, at the moment a complete synthesis of postmodernism and conservatism is unlikely, because obvious theoretical similarity blocked no less obvious political differences between conservative traditionalism and post-modern innovation.
The author examines the delicate relationship between such phenomena as philosophy and popular culture. After formulating three attitudes of philosophers working with popular culture (left-critical, right-critical and left-objectivistic), the author proposes the term «crossroad» to show at what point of evolution of philosophy of culture and social theory during the XXth century converged popular culture and philosophy. This «crossroad» turned out to be post-modernism in such representation in which the American Marxist philosopher Fredric Jame-son began to talk about. Postmodernism before Jameson was understood as a trend in art, and only Jameson came up with the idea to extend it to the entire culture that dissolved in during the 1970s in the economy. It was Jameson who first stated the thesis that nowadays high and popular culture represent a single space. Briefly describing Jameson's approach, the author shows what this synthesis of postmodern philosophy and popular culture has led to. Recog-nizing popular culture as legitimate, and its then state as «postmodern», social philosophers began to develop the idea of expansion of culture into the social sphere, however, not in everything agreeing with Jameson. The author emphasizes the idea that the beginning of the XXI century was marked by a surge of philosophical interest in popular culture.
Russian Literature since 1991 is the first comprehensive, single-volume compendium of modern scholarship on post-Soviet Russian literature. The volume encompasses broad, complex and diverse sources of literary material - from ideological and historical novels to experimental prose and poetry, from nonfiction to drama. Written by an international team of leading experts on contemporary Russian literature and culture, it presents a broad panorama of genres in post-Soviet literature such as postmodernism, magical historicism, hyper-naturalism (in drama), and the new lyricism. At the same time, it offers close readings of the most prominent works published in Russia since the end of the Soviet regime and elimination of censorship. The collection highlights the interdisciplinary context of twenty-first-century Russian literature and can be widely used both for research and teaching by specialists in and beyond Russian studies, including those in post-Cold War and post-communist world history, literary theory, comparative literature and cultural studies.
Abstract: Author suggests that V. Pelevin builds his novels on the principle of esoteric palimpsest in which various esoteric teachings are the layers of the meaning of the text. Pelevin expects that in the readers mind there is an “encyclopedia of competencies” (U. Eco) with large block of esoteric knowledge.
The author studies the issue of synthesis of different theories and methods used by personality self-attitude studies. The theories and methods discussed are developed within the framework of different philosophical, psychological and humanitarian sciences. The issue of self-attitude personology development based on such synthesis is brought up. Presented personological model of self-attitude is explicated from the texts by Michel Foucault and unites trans$cultural ideas of individual self-attitude. The above ideas are studied as a cultural potential of psychological studies and practice of self-attitude by a modern personality.