Между правом и политикой
The article analyses the specific trends of the relations between social groups within Brazilian society. It applies C. Schmitts concept of the state of emergency to assess the political [cultural, social] significance of Brazilian Carnival. The music of Samba as one of the key symbols of Brazil is also discussed in this context.
The preface to the translation of "Politics" by C. Schmitt. Schmitt in 1933-36 aspired (though rather unsuccessfully) to become an ideological guru of the Nazi regime, that was only in the process of formation then. It allows to formulate the question about the guilt of the thinker, but doesn't prevent to find the theoretical contents in his works of this period. Criticism of parliamentary democracy and understanding the political as an opposition of enemies lead Schmitt to the concept of a tripartite political unity of people, state and movement. He sees the Nazi regime as a new kind of politics based not on struggle, but on mobilization of the people conducted by the Führer. This design turned out to be not only politically vicious, but also theoretically defective, however its studying is an instructive experience.
This is a contribution to the French-Russian Conference on Joseph de Maistre. Joseph de Maistre was a famous theorist and proponent of counter-revolution. He criticized the theory of the popular sovereignty of Rousseau and elaborated his own theory of the royal sovereignty. However, he was no advocate of the so-called decisionism, as Carl Schmitt depicted him in his writings on political theology.
Schmitt and Strauss are often discussed in literature as if their conceptions of political had nothing in common. But, as the author shows, Heinrich Maier careful study of the relation between Schmitt and Strauss tells us that three editions of Carl Schmitt's "Begriff des Politischen" and Strauss' "Bemerkungen" on it may be seen as overlooked "hidden dialogue", in the course of which Strauss' 1932 critique had significant if unacknowledged impact on Carl Schmitt and political and theological foundations of his thought.