Взаимоотношения бизнеса и власти в регионах России
The article reveals actual indicators of the quality of life (QoL) in urban settlements of Russian regions. An overview of relevant - classical and recently published - sources is presented, in which the main theoretical components of QoL are analyzed in the perspective of their operationalization; basic concepts used in the measurement of QoL are given. On the basis of express-questioned qualitative data collected in the cities of Orel and Tula - regional centers of the Central Federal District with a standard of living slightly below the average and above the average in Russia, it is shown that when discussing QoL in a large Russian urban settlement, the following codes (topics) that are not became a common place in the literature on measurement of QOL: (1) assessment of QoL dynamics; (2) assessment of the presence / absence of spaces for civic engagement; (3) assessing the presence / absence of spaces for consumer behavior. The indicators of QoL were revealed, which practically all informants were initiativeally and independently of each other in the answers to the two questions about the quality of life in the city.
After several decades of negative trends and short-term fluctuations, life expectancy has been increasing in Russia since 2004. Between 2003 and 2014, the length of life rose by 6.6 years among males and by 4.6 years among females. While positive trends in life expectancy are observed in all regions of Russia, these trends are unfolding differently in different regions. First, regions entered the phase of life expectancy growth at different points in time. Second, the age- and cause-specific components of the gains in life expectancy and the number of years added vary noticeably. In this paper, we apply decomposition techniques—specifically, the stepwise replacement algorithm—to examine the age- and cause-specific components of the changes in inter-regional disparities during the current period of health improvement. The absolute inter-regional disparities in length of life, measured by the population-weighted standard deviation, decreased slightly between 2003 and 2014, from 3.3 to 3.2 years for males, and from 2.0 to 1.8 years for females. The decomposition of these small changes by ages and causes of death shows that these shifts were the result of diverse effects of mortality convergence at young and middle ages, and of mortality divergence at older ages. With respect to causes of death, the convergence is mainly attributable to external causes, while the inter-regional divergence of trends is largely determined by cardiovascular diseases. The two major cities, Moscow and Saint Petersburg, are currently pioneering mortality improvements in Russia and are making the largest contributions to the inter-regional divergence.
Collected artictes contain papers of master students from Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics, Ural State Economic University, Ryazan State Radio Engineering University, Saint-Petersburg State University, Novgorod State University named after Yaroslav the Wise, the Cracow University of Economics (Poland), Bulent Ecevit University (Turkish Republic) and other universities on current problems and prospects of development of the Russian Federation and cooperation with other countries in the current socio-economic conditions. Materials of interuniversity conference has an interest for researchers, graduate students, undergraduates and students as well as professionals in the field of economics, finance, management, marketing, commerce, quality and logistics, tourism, sociology, public municipal management, linguistics and law.
This study investigates the institutional influence on Russia’s regional voter turnout and establishes differences between federal and regional voter participation. Given the regional turnout in the 2011-2016 national and regional elections, the authors test the hypothesis that Russia’s turnout largely hinges on institutional rather than socio-economic factors. For deeper analysis of electoral behavior, the researchers consider a range of institutional aspects applicable to the country’s regional peculiarities. Such an empirical approach demonstrates that different types of elections are conditioned by different indicators and metrics. Consequently, the analysis proves the relevance of institutional factors to voter turnout.
On the basis of in-depth case studies of four Russian regions, Kirov and Voronezh oblasts and Krasnoyarsk and Perm' krais, the trade-offs among social and economic policy at the regional level in Russia are examined. All four regional governments seek to develop entrepreneurship while preserving social welfare obligations and improving compensation in the public sector. Richer regions have a greater ability to reconcile social commitments with the promotion of business. Regions differ in their development strategies, some placing greater emphasis on indigenous business development and others seeking to attract federal or foreign investment. Governors have considerable discretion in choosing their strategy so long as they meet basic performance demands set by the federal government such as ensuring good results for the United Russia party. In all four regions, governments consult actively with local business associations whereas organized labor is weak. However, the absence of effective institutions to enforce commitments undertaken by government and its social partners undermines regional capacity to use social policy as a basis for long-term economic development.
Ethnic structure of the Russia's population is considered taking into account the results of the 2015 population microcensus, distribution of ethnicities by regions of Russia, indicators for ethnically mixed families and inter-ethnic distancies.
The article deals with a method for assessing the technological potential of a region through the calculation of indices of economic complexity and technological proximity. Approbation of the approach is carried out on the basis of the regions of Russia