Философия смерти и «художественное учение о бессмертии» в раннем немецком романтизме: Новалис «Гимны к ночи»
Featuring scholars at the forefront of contemporary political theology and the study of German Idealism, Nothing Absolute explores the intersection of these two flourishing fields. Against traditional approaches that view German Idealism as a secularizing movement, this volume revisits it as the first fundamentally philosophical articulation of the political-theological problematic in the aftermath of the Enlightenment and the advent of secularity. Nothing Absolute reclaims German Idealism as a political-theological trajectory. Across the volume’s contributions, German thought from Kant to Marx emerges as crucial for the genealogy of political theology and for the ongoing reassessment of modernity and the secular. By investigating anew such concepts as immanence, utopia, sovereignty, theodicy, the Earth, and the world, as well as the concept of political theology itself, this volume not only rethinks German Idealism and its aftermath from a political-theological perspective but also demonstrates what can be done with (or against) German Idealism using the conceptual resources of political theology today.
Georg Friedrich Creuzer (1771-1858), who was first to announce mythology as a discipline and to lay theoretical grounds to mythology as a discipline, is in the center of the research. In his main work Symbolism and mythology of the ancient peoples, particularly the Greeks (1810-12, 2nd ed. 1819, 3rd ed. 1837) apart from working out theoretical grounds of mythology as a discipline, he also analyzed a great amount of mythological material. The research is dedicated to the specific structure of Creuzer's book, to the peculiarities of argumentation and to the special way in which outer philosophical influences and sources affected Creuzer’s general concept. The turn of the 19th century may be considered one of the turning points in the history of knowledge on myth due to the fact that the knowledge on myth and the myth itself came to be the central point of interest of romantic science, and consequently due to the variety of both scientific and non-scientific methods and claims (proceeding from philosophy, philology, art, poetry, history, theology etc.) aimed at it.
This paper seeks to establish German Romanticism preconditions as the foundation of the humanities as a discipline. The research enquires into the ideas that were crucial for the formation of mythology as a discipline. The research explores the role of the Philhellenistic movement, Classicism and Enlightenment of the late 18th century in the formation of science of myth and symbol. The findings of the research illustrate the impact of the different positions in the debates surrounding mythology in the conceptual bases that formed German Romanticism and German Idealism. As Creuzer, one of the most discussed mythologists of the early 19th century, was studying the symbolism and mythology of the ancients, he was acutely influenced by the late 18th century’s ideas. We suggest that this fact is crucial for the interpretation of the history of mythology as a subject and as a discipline.
The article introduces new perspective on political symbolization as a state of political reality. Availability of symbolic influence in political context implies common knowledge; nevertheless, it does not reflect predetermined reaction to following information. Therefore, we have to discern between semantics (meaning of the language) and sense of the conversations (meaning of the speech itself). The article draws substance of political symbolization from the theory of the symbol, introduced by German romantics, who highly valued symbols as a matter of human aesthetics. Author exposes the contradiction between the use of the symbol’s “privileged status” in the dimension of aesthetics and neglect of its very essence within social sciences. Political symbolization is conceptualized in terms of multiplicity of unstated meanings in communication within political context. These findings of the article have the significant implication: political symbolization is a rare and unpredictable phenomenon; it becomes “visible” as if it has been happening in the reality, but still in collective perception due to dispositions of interpreters political symbolization is presented more essential than the viscera of life.
The article deals with the problem of poetic language in "Heinrich von Ofterdingen" by Novalis.