Нацизм как литературный проект?
The book contains the contributions of the 13th annual conference Franz Werfel-StipendiatInnen.
The book contains the contributions of the 17th annual conference Franz Werfel-StipendiatInnen.
The understanding of the Austrian modern age in Russia has changed during the last hundred years at least three times. Around the turn of the century of 19-20 centuries remained to the criticism of the modern age in Russia in frame the German education system and education system, which pursued the purpose, to fix national character in the literature. After him in 1917 the literature was valid as means for the ideological fight what has caused a negative appraisal of the Austrian modern age as "a bourgeoisie art". During the last 20 years the ideological function of the literature transformed in an intercultural function which opens the understanding of the own to itself from the perspective of the foreign culture.
The dream as a cultural figuration in Richard Beerhofmann „The death Georg“ permits us to open some row of constants of the modern age in Austria. These constants are Narzissismus, aesthetic perception of the world which stylises of all living to the art object, and disregarding of the social reality. At the example the dream in the work the artistic problems of the modern age are interpreted.
The book contains the contributions of the 19th annual conference Franz Werfel-StipendiatInnen.
The understanding the Austrian literary canon in Russia differs substantially from the western understanding. This was caused by different cultural and scientific traditions. The choice criteria in the literature canon in Russia were formulated by the social-historical approach. Besides, a certain hierarchy of artistic systems played an essential role. At the head of this hierarchy there stood always realism. At the moment the canon of the Austrian modern age is in becoming and his creation depends on the choice criteria.
In his article the author considers Russias problems in the context of Dresden. Three fi gures of Russian culture which have infl uenced European spirituality - Bakunin, Dostoevsky, Stepun - as fate would have formulated the most important postulates of their concepts was in Dresden. Near to them the author raises the congenial fi gure of Hoffmann, Wagner and Tillich. During the Dresden uprising in May 1849 Bakunin proposed to cover the barricade Madonna by Raphael. In Dresden Dostoevsky wrote a great novel The Possessed, which depicted the dire consequences for European culture Bakunin ideas that paved the way for Bolshevism and Nazism. In Dresden at 30 years of the last century in the texts Stepun and Paul Tillich arose again the theme of demonic.
In his article V.K. Kantor considers complicated relations Russian emigres with these west-european functionaries, who have built organizations, structures, to assist survive Russian intellectuals. Author analyses this problem examining letters of F. Stepun to G. Kullmann. Author also publishes archived letters of Stepun to Kullmann.